Chapter 61: The Suppressed Link – Jews and Communism
Part One: The Ideological Origin of Communism
The creation of the Soviet Union was to impact upon history for the greater part of the 20th Century – and an understanding of the sub-racial and ideological divisions it caused is crucial to understanding not only the events of that century, but also to understanding the flare up of anti-Jewish sentiment which culminated in the creation of the Third Reich in Germany.
For the Soviet Union’s best kept secret was that the Bolshevik elite had one outstanding characteristic: it had an inordinately large number of Jews in its controlling body.
|Above left and right: Two extracts from the Encyclopedia Britannica, Vol. 18, page 717, 1984, Chicago, describing Leon Trotsky’s critical role in the creation of the Communist state of the Soviet Union, describing him as the “outstanding leader” of the Russian Communist Revolution. The same article then goes on, above left, to reveal that Trotsky was born Lev Davidovich Bronstein, of a Jewish family from the Ukraine.|
Virtually all of the important Bolshevik leaders were Jews: they included the “father of the revolution,” Leon Trotsky (whose real name was Lev Bronstein: in an attempt to hide his Jewishness, he adopted the name Trotsky); Lev Kamenev, the early Bolshevik leader who later went on to become a leading member of the Politburo, was born with the surname Rosenfeld; Grigori Zinoviev, head of the Petrograd Soviet, was born with the surname Apfelbaum; and many other famous Communists of the time, such as Karl Radek, Lazar Kaganovich; and Moses Urtisky, (the head of the Cheka) who all changed their names for reasons similar to that of Trotsky.
The Bolshevik’s Party’s Central Committee chairman, Yakov Sverdlov, was also Jewish – and it was he who gave the order to the Jewish Soviet secret policeman, Yurovsky, to murder the Tsar – Yurovsky personally carried out this order.
KARL MARX – DESCENDANT OF A FAMILY OF RABBIS
As if the Russian Revolution was not enough, the originator of the Communist ideology itself, Karl Marx, was also a Jew, with his family name in reality being Mordechai.
The large Jewish role in the Russian revolution, combined with the fact that Marx had been born a Jew, was manna from heaven for the European anti-Semitic movement, and the link between Jews and Communism was exploited to the hilt, particularly by Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist (Nazi) movement in Germany during the 1920s.
|Above left: Karl Marx, whose real family name was Mordechai, originator of the Communist ideology. Above right: An extract from the Encyclopedia Britannica, Vol. 11, page 459, 1984, Chicago, revealing Karl Marx’s Jewish ancestry.|
It was not only in Germany that the association of Jews with Communism was made: all over the world Jews became associated with radical political movements, sometimes justifiably so, other times not. Nonetheless, the presence of so many Jews in the creation of the Soviet Union played a massive role in justifying anti-Jewish sentiment in Europe prior to, and with, the rise of Adolf Hitler.
Directly after the First World War, there were another three specifically Jewish Communist revolutions in Europe itself:
• the German Jew, Kurt Eisner, led a short lived communist revolution in Munich, Bavaria from November 1918 to February 1919 (at the same time that Adolf Hitler was an unknown soldier in that city – the effect of being a first hand witness to a Jewish and Communist-led revolution helped to cement Hitler’s anti-Communist and anti-Jewish feelings);
• the short lived Sparticus uprising in Berlin (September 1918 to January 1919) led by the German Jews, Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg; and
• the short lived Communist tyranny in Hungary led by the Jew, Bela Kun (Cohen), from March to August 1919.
Above left: The Jewish Communist leader Karl Liebknecht speaks in Berlin; and alongside, his alter ego, the Jewess Rosa Luxembourg. These two leaders of the early German Communist Party helped to cement the association of Jews and Communism in the German publics’ mind.
These incidents all helped to identify Jews with Communism in the public mind: in this light it becomes perfectly explicable why the Nazi Party was able to win support on an anti-Communist and open anti-Jewish platform.
JEWS IN THE LATER SOVIET UNION
Jews retained their leading roles in Soviet society until growing anti-Semitism within the Communist Party itself led to a change in policy. Trotsky was the first major Jewish casualty: he split with Stalin over the issue of international socialism and the need to spread the revolution: he was forced into exile in 1929. He was then assassinated in Mexico City in 1940, allegedly by a Stalinist agent.
By the middle 1930s, Stalin had started purging the Soviet Communist Party of other important Jews. The period immediately following the end of the Second World War and the creation of the state of Israel saw another rise in Soviet anti-Semitism: by 1953, Stalin had started purging all Jews in the Soviet hierarchy who were also Zionists.
The Communists, quite correctly, saw Zionism as Jewish nationalism and contrary to the interests of an international socialist brotherhood. Many leading Russian Jews were also fervent Zionists: and it was this group that was then targeted for persecution, and who became famous throughout the rest of the lifetime of the Soviet Union as the victims of Soviet anti-Semitism.
Zionism, as an expression of Jewish separatism was declared a crime against the Soviet state, and Zionist organizations were forced to close down their operations inside the Soviet Union.
East Germany, as an official Soviet satellite, was forbidden by Moscow to make any reparations payments to the Zionist created state of Israel for the treatment of Jews by the Nazi government.
Not all Russian Jews were Zionists: those who were not, were generally left alone and some did achieve prominent positions within the post Stalin Soviet Union.
Many thousands of Jews did however leave the Soviet Union – estimates putting the total number at over the one million mark, with most settling in Israel or the United States.
Chapter 61: Jews and Communism in the Soviet Union
Part Two: The Encyclopedia Judaica Confirms the Jewish Origin of Communism
The Encyclopedia Judaica, published in Jerusalem, Israel, by Jews, is available at most large public libraries and is in English. This reference book for all things Jewish is quite open about the Jewish role in Communism, particularly early Communism, and contains a large number of admissions in this regard.
Above: The front cover of Volume 5 of the 1971 edition of the Encyclopedia Judaica, published in Jerusalem, Israel, from where all of the extracts below have been taken.
Under the entry for “Communism”: in Volume 5, page 792, the following appears:
“The Communist Movement and ideology played an important part In Jewish life, particularly in the 1920s, 1930s and during and after World War II.” (below)
On page 793, the same Encyclopedia Judaica then goes on to say that “Communist trends became widespread in virtually all Jewish communities. In some countries, Jews became the leading element in the legal and illegal Communist Parties..”
The Encyclopedia Judaica on page 793 then goes on to reveal that the Communist International actually instructed Jews to change their names so as “not confirm right-wing propaganda that presented Communism as an alien, Jewish conspiracy.” (above).
JEWISH ROLE IN THE RUSSIAN COMMUNIST REVOLUTION
The Encyclopedia Judaica then goes on to describe the overwhelming role Jews played in creating the Soviet Union. On page 792 it says : “Individual Jews played an important role in the early stages of Bolshevism and the Soviet Regime” (below).
On page 794 of the Encyclopedia Judaica, this Jewish reference book then goes to list the Jews prominent in the upper command of the Russian Communist party: these included Maxim Litvinov, (Later foreign minister of Soviet Russia); Grigori Zinoviev, Lwev Kamenev, Jacob Sverdlov, Lazar Kaganovich, and Karl Radek, amongst many others. (Below: page 794 of the Encyclopedia Judaica).
The organizer of the Revolution was Trotsky, who prepared a special committee to plan and prepare the coup which brought the Communists to power. according tot he Encyclopedia Judaica, this committee, called the Military Revolutionary Committee,, had five members – three of whom were Jews. (below)
The Politburo – the supreme governing body of Russia immediately after the Communist Revolution – had four Jews amongst its seven members, according to page 797 of the Jewish Encyclopedia Judaica (below).
While many have alleged that Lenin was also Jewish, or at least of part Jewish origin, there is little concrete evidence of this. However, Lenin was ardently pro-Jewish, branding anti-Semitism (correctly) as “counter revolutionary” (Encyclopedia Judaica, page 798). A statement against anti-Semitism was made by Lenin in March 1919 and was “one of the rare occasions when his voice was put on a phonograph record to be used in a mass campaign against the counterrevolutionary incitement against the Jews,” according to the Encyclopedia Judaica, page 798. One of the first laws passed by the new Soviet Communist government was to outlaw anti-Semitism (Encyclopedia Judaica, page 798, extract above).
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Chapter 61: Jews and Communism in the Soviet Union
Part Three: Winston Churchill on the Jewish Role in Communism
The preponderance of Jews in the inner sanctum of the Communist revolution in Russia was in fact well known at the time that the revolution took place: it is only in the post Second World War II era that this fact has been suppressed. A good example of the contemporary awareness of the Jewish nature of early Russian Communism can be found in the writing of the young Winston Churchill, later to become prime minister of Great Britain, who, in 1920, was also working as journalist.
In 1920, Churchill wrote a full page article for the Illustrated Sunday Herald on 8 February 1920 detailing the Jewish involvement in the revolution. Churchill discusses in this article the split between Jews: some are Communists, he wrote, while others are Jewish nationalists. Churchill favored the Jewish nationalists, (and of course they indeed fall foul of the Jewish Communists, eventually becoming bitter enemies) and he appealed to what he called “loyal Jews” to ensure that the Communist Jews did not succeed. Churchill went even further and blamed the Jews for “every subversive movement during the Nineteenth Century”, writing :
“This movement amongst the Jews (the Russian Revolution) is not new. From the days of Spartacus Weishaupt to those of Karl Marx, and down to Trotsky (Russia), Bela Kuhn (Hungary), Rosa Luxembourg (Germany) and Emma Goldman (United States), this world wide conspiracy for the overthrow of civilization and the reconstruction of society on the basis of arrested development, of envious malevolence, and impossible equality, has been steadily growing. It played, as a modern writer, Mrs. Nesta Webster, has so ably shown, a definitely recognizable part in the tragedy of the French Revolution. It has been the mainspring of every subversive movement during the Nineteenth Century; and now at last this band of extraordinary personalities has gripped the Russian people by the hair of their heads and have become practically the undisputed masters of that enormous empire. There is no need to exaggerate the part played in the creation of Bolshevism and in the actual bringing about of the Russian Revolution by these international and for the most part atheistic Jews. Moreover, the principal inspiration and driving power comes from Jewish leaders.” (ibid)
Churchill also pointedly accused Leon Trotsky (Bronstein) of wanting to establish a “world wide Communistic state under Jewish domination” in this article.
Winston Churchill, later prime minister of Britain, pointed out the large Jewish involvement in the Communist revolution in an article published in the Illustrated Sunday Herald, 8 February 1920. See in particular under the heading “Terrorist Jews”, enlarged below. For the full article, click here ( NB: large file)
Churchill was not the only journalist to note the Jewish role in the Russian Revolution: Robert Wilton, the chief correspondent for the London Times, who was stationed in Russia at the time, wrote in his book The Last Days of the Romanovs (Hornton Butterworth, London, 1920, pages 147, 22-28, 81,118, 199, 127, 139-148) that “90 per cent” of the new Soviet government was composed of Jews. The correspondent for the London Morning Post, Victor Marsden, went further and actually compiled a list of names of the top 545 Bolshevik officials: of these, Marsden said, 454 were Jews and only 23 Non-Jewish Russians. (All These Things, A.N. Field, Appendix B pages 274-276).
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Chapter 61: Jews and Communism in the Soviet Union
Part Four: The US Army’s Telegrams on the Jewish role in Communism
The American Army Intelligence Service had its agents in Russia at the time of the Communist Revolution, and the Jewish nature of that revolution is accurately reflected in those reports.
An American Senate subcommittee investigation into the Russian Revolution heard evidence, put on congressional record, that “(I)n December 1919, under the presidency of a man named Apfelbaum (Zinovieff) . . . out of the 388 members of the Bolshevik central government, only 16 happened to be real Russians, and all the rest (with the exception of a Negro from the U.S.) were Jews” (U.S. Senate Document 62, 1919).
Below: Both these telegrams are from official US National Archives: the upper one, State Department document 861.00/1757 was sent on 2 May 1918, from Moscow by US Consul General Summers. The lower one, State Department document 861.00/2205, was sent from Vladivostok on 5 July 1918, by US Consul Caldwell. Both describe the domination of the Bolshevik Communists by Jews, using the words “Fifty per cent of Soviet Government in each town consists of Jews of the worst type…”
Copies of documents from the US National Archives are freely available to anyone from the Washington DC, USA, office.
US ARMY INTELLIGENCE REPORTS CONFIRM JEWISH ROLE IN SOVIET REVOLUTION, COMMUNISM
However, none of these authorities quoted above dared to use quite the language of a US Military Intelligence officer, one captain Montgomery Schuyler, who sent two reports to Washington in March and June 1919, describing in graphic detail the Jewish role in the Russian Revolution. Both these reports were only declassified in September 1957 and the originals are still held in the US National Archives in Washington, open for public inspection.
The first report, sent from Omsk on 1 March 1919, contains the following paragraph:
“it is probably unwise to say this loudly in the United States but the Bolshevik movement is and has been since its beginning, guided and controlled by Russian Jews of the greasiest type…”
The second report, dated 9 June 1919, and sent from Vladivostok, said that of the
“384 commissars there were 2 Negroes, 13 Russians, 15 Chinamen, 22 Armenians and more than 300 Jews. Of the latter number 264 had come to Russia from the United States since the downfall of the Imperial Government.”
Below: Both these American army military intelligence reports are freely available from the US National Archives in Washington DC. They were written by Captain Montgomery Schuyler, US Army. Schuyler made a point of the heavy Jewish involvement in the Communist revolution. Schuyler writes that “It is probably unwise to say this loudly in the United States but the Bolshevik movement is and has been since its beginning guided and controlled but Russians Jews of the greasiest type..” and goes on to point out that of the total 384 commissars running the Soviet Union, more than 300 were Jews.”
The importance of this information does not need to be overemphasized in the light of the crucial governing role the commissars played in the running the early Soviet society.
It therefore came as no surprise when anti-Semitism was duly entered into the Soviet law books as a death penalty crime – although latent anti-Semitism simmered even in Communist Party circles, flaring up quite seriously when a Jewish woman, Fanny Kaplan, tried to assassinate Lenin by literally stabbing him in the back.
Eventually, as outlined earlier, the hardcore Communists were to part ways with the Jewish nationalists, or Zionists, and the two camps were to become bitter enemies, a situation which persisted right until the collapse of the Soviet Union late in the 20the Century.
AMERICAN COMMUNIST PARTY ALSO JEWISH
Jews were also behind the American Communist Party, which although politically unsuccessful, was very successful in its espionage and infiltration activities, eventually reaching right into the Civil Rights Movement and that group’s leader, Martin Luther King.
According to the Encyclopedia Judaica, published in Jerusalem, Israel (1971), page 804 (extract below) “the list of Jews who played a prominent role in the leadership and factional infighting of the American Communist Party is a long one . . .Many American Jewish authors and intellectuals, some of whom later recanted, were active in editing Communist publications and spreading party propaganda . . among them Micheal Gold, Howard Fast and Bertram Wolfe.”
AMERICAN JEWISH COMMUNIST SPIES GAVE SECRETS OF ATOM BOMB TO SOVIETS
Many of the Soviet spies arrested by the American government during the Cold War have been Jewish, and none have been more damaging than the group of spies who passed the secret of the Atom Bomb to the Soviet Union.
This group of Communist spies was all Jewish, from the ringleaders, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, to the actual scientists working at the top secret Los Alamos laboratory, namely David Greenglass and Theodore Hallsberg. The latter actually passed the atomic secrets to the Rosenbergs, who then passed it onto their Soviet handlers, via their Jewish courier, Harry Gold.
Above: the team of American Jewish Communists who passed the USA’s secrets of the Atom Bomb to the Soviet Union after the Second World War, enabling the latter country to explode its first atom bomb in 1948. From left to right: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, the spy ring leaders, executed at Sing Sing prison; David Greenglass, scientist at Los Alamos; Theodore Hallsberg, scientist at Los Alamos, and Harry Gold, courier for the group to their Soviet handler.
Despite the overwhelming preponderance of Jews in Communist parties and movements world wide, it would however be incorrect to allege that all Jews were or are Communists, as the millions of Jewish capitalists and as the conflict between Zionist Jews and Communist Jews both attest.. It is however accurate to say that individual Jews, from Karl Marx onwards, have provided the mainspring for Communist activities.