The Rulers Of Russia (Soviet-Russia)

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  1. The Rulers Russia AMERICAN EDITION REVISED AND ENLARGED 111 J— 25c < O a < O CO I 0 O o m X < u. "For them (the peoples of the Soviet Union) We cherish the warmest paternal affection. We are well aware that not a few of them groan beneath the yoke imposed on them by men who in very large part are strangers to the real interests of the country. We recognise that many others were deceived by fallacious hopes. We blame only the system with its authors and abettors who con­ sidered Russia the best prepared field for ex­ perimenting with a plan elaborated years ago, and who from there continue to spread it from one end of the world to the other." (Encyclical Letter of Pius XI, Divini Re- demptoris, on Atheistic Communism.) REV. DENIS FAHEY, C.S.Sp. THE RULERS OF RUSSIA AMERICAN EDITION THIRD EDITION, REVISED AND ENLARGED By REV. DENIS FAHEY, C.S.SP., D.D., D.PH., B.A., Professor of Philosophy and Church History, Holy Ghost Missionary College, Kimmage, Dublin. Permission to reprint in United States and Canada granted exclusively to REV. CHAS. E. COUGHLIN Copyright for U.S.A., 1940 by Rev. Chas. E. Coughlin Printed in V. S. A. Cum Permissu Superiorum Religiosorum Nihil Obstat: GULIELMUS COFFEY, S.T.L., Censor, imprimi Potest: m JEREMIAS, Episcopus Waterfordietisis et Lismorensis. WATERFOEMAE, die 15a Novembris, 1939. First Edition, March, 1938, New and Enlarged Edition, October, 1938. Third Edition, Revised and Enlarged, November, 1939. American Edition, 1940. Originally Printed in Ireland, at Farkgate Printing Works, Dublin, By CAHILL & Co., LTD. Printed in America by Condon Printing Co., Detroit Distributed by Social Justice Publishing Co., Royal Oak, Michigan FOREWORD TO THE THIRD EDITION. IN his well-known book, Genive contre la Paix, pp. 83-92, Count de St-Aulaire, former Ambassador of France at Madrid and Lon­ don, gives an interesting account of a "lecture" on the Mission of Israel amongst the nations, by a Jewish banker of New York. The *'lecture" was "delivered" at an international dinner at Buda- Pesth in 1919, only a few days after the collapse of the Judaeo- Bolshevist domination of Bela-Kuhn over Catholic Hungary. The Count explains, by way of introduction, that a number of Jewish revolutionaries, who had been expelled from Hungary, had re­ turned there in American uniforms after the armistice, and that their reports guided President Wilson in his attitude towards all that concerned the interests of Israel. This explains in particular, adds the Count, the President's scandalous partiality towards the Bolsheviks. In reply to the question how it was possible for high finance to favour Bolshevism, which is hostile to property, mov­ able and immovable, the Jewish banker began by explaining that those who are astonished at the alliance between Israel and the Soviets forget that the Jewish nation is the most intensely na­ tional of all peoples and that Marxism is simply one of the weapons of Jewish nationalism. Capitalism, he added, is equally sacred to Israel, which makes use of both Bolshevism and Capital­ ism to remould the world for its ends. The process of renovation of the world is thus carried on from above by Jewish control of the riches of the world and from below by Jewish guidance of revolution. Israel has a divine mission, in fact Israel, become its own Messias, is God. Israel is purifying the idea of God and at the same time preparing the way for the definitive triumph of the chosen race. Thus, the banker concluded, Jewish power of organ­ isation is manifested at one and the same time by Bolshevism with its delirium of destruction and by the League of Nations in the sphere of reconstruction. 3 The "lecture" given by this Jewish banker came back to my mind when I learned that the information given in the document quoted by me, briefly on page 27 of this pamphlet and at length on pages 88-91 of The Mystical Body of Christ in the Modern World, had been called in question in New York. It occurred to me that he might be asked to repeat the "lecture" in public and thus enlighten my critics far more effectively than I could hope to do. Accordingly, I asked the well-known authority on Judaeo- Masonic subversive activities, M. L. de Poncins, to find out from the Count de St-Aulaire if he had taken note of the name of the banker. The Count courteously replied that he had not done so, but he added that "the 'lecture* being the expression of the men­ tality not of an individual but of a group, every Jewish banker of New York would have said exactly the same in a moment of sincerity." (Letter of 19th March, 1939.) Proximate Preparations of the Russian Revolution I intend to examine the whole question at length in a book upon which I am engaged, The Mystical Body of Christ and the Organ­ isation of Society. For the moment, I will content myself with quoting a few documents that are not as well known as they ought to be. One is the secret report received by the Imperial Russian General Headquarters from one of its agents in New York. This report, dated February 15th, 1916, was made known to the world by the Russian writer, Boris Brasol in his book, The World at the Cross Roads. It runs in part as follows: "The Russian Revolu­ tionary Party of America has evidently resumed its activities. As a consequence of it, momentous developments are expected to follow. The first confidential meeting which marked the beginning of a new era of violence took place on Monday evening, February 14th, 1916, in the East Side of New York City. It was attended by sixty-two delegates, fifty of whom were 'veterans' of the revolution of 1905—the rest being newly admitted members. Among the delegates were a large percentage of Jews, most of them belonging to the intellectual class, as doctors, publicists, etc., but also some professional revolutionists. . . . The proceedings of this first meeting were almost entirely devoted to the discussion of finding ways and means to start a great revolution in Russia as the 'most favourable moment for it is close at hand.' It was re­ vealed that secret reports had just reached the party from Russia, describing the situation as very favourable, when all arrangements 4 for an immediate outbreak were completed. The only serious problem was the financial question, but whenever this was raised, the assembly was immediately assured by some of the members that this question did not need to cause any embarrassment as ample funds, if necessary, would be furnished by persons in sympathy with the movement of liberating the people of Russia. In this connection the name of Jacob Schiff was repeatedly men­ tioned." Mr. Boris Brasol adds, on pages 70 and 71 of the same work: "The full history of the interlocking participation of the Imperial German Government and international finance in the destruction of the Russian Empire is not yet written. … It is not a mere co­ incidence that at the notorious meeting held at Stockholm in 1916, between the former Russian Minister of the Interior, Protopopoff, and the German Agents, the German Foreign Office was repre­ sented by Mr. Warburg, whose two brothers were members of the international banking firm, Kuhn, Loeb and Company, of which the late Mr. Jacob Schiff was a senior member." Robert Wilton's List of the Rulers of Soviet Russia An eye-witness of exceptional value of all the events of the Russian Revolution is Robert Wilton, the Russian correspondent of The Times for seventeen years. Born in England but educated in Russia, he knew Russia like a Russian. During the war, this correspondent of The Times, on one occasion in 1916, took com­ mand of a section of the Russian army, of which the officers had been wounded, and behaved with such gallantry that he was deco­ rated with the Cross of St. George. It was the first time that this ' exclusively military distinction had been conferred upon a civilian. In the Foreword to his French book, Les Derniers Jours des Romanof, from which I am about to quote, Robert Wilton says, that in order to ensure the accuracy of the work, he himself trans­ lated from Russian into French the official reports and original documents confirming his narrative. "I have done all in my power," he adds, "to act as an impartial chronicler." The list of names of the Rulers of Russia in 1918, which I am about to quote, is taken from pages 136-137 of this painstaking French study of the Russian Bolshevik Revolution. It is a noteworthy fact that this list is not to be found in the English edition of the same work, The Last Days of the Romanovs, published in September, 1920, by Thornton Butterworth. 5 According to the English review, The Patriot, of 20th February, 1930, after Robert Wilton had written in 1920: "The Jewish domination in Russia is supported by certain Russians . . . they are all mere screens or dummies behind which the Sverdlovs and the thousand and one Jews of Sovdepia continue their work of destruction/' his chances in English journalism were gone. It is a well-known fact that he died in straitened circumstances in Jan­ uary, 1925. On page 29 of Les Derniers lours des Romanof, we read: "In order not to leave myself open to any accusation of prejudice, I am giving (on pages 136-137) the list of the members of the Central Committee, of the Extraordinary' Commission and lie Council of Commissars functioning at the time of the assassina­ tion of the Imperial Family, The 62 members of the Committee were composed of 5 Russians, 1 Ukrainian, 6 Letts, 2 Germans, 1 Czech, 2 Armenians, 3 Georgians, 1 Karaim (Jewish sect), 41 Jews. 1 The extraordinary Commission of Moscow was composed of 36 members, including 1 German, 1 Pole, 1 Armenian, 2 Rus­ sians, 8 Letts, 23 Jews. The Council of the People's Commissars numbered 2 Armenians, 3 Russians, 17 Jews. According to the data furnished by the Soviet Press, out of 556 important func­ tionaries of the Bolshevik State, including the above-mentioned, there were in 1918-1919, 17 Russians, 2 Ukrainians, 11 Arme­ nians, 35 Letts, 15 Germans, 1 Hungarian, 10 Georgians, 3 Poles, 3 Finns, 1 Czech, 1 Karaim, 457 Jews. "If the reader is astonished to find the Jewish hand everywhere in the affair of the assassination of the Russian Imperial Family, he must bear in mind the formidable numerical preponderance of Jews in the Soviet administration." On pages 136-138, then, of the same work, the author writes: "It is in the Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party that the governmental power resides. It was composed as follows in 1918: Bronstein (Trotski), Apfelbaum (Zinovieff), Lourie (Larine), Ouritski, Volodarski, Rosenfeldt (Kamenef), Smidovitch, Sver- dlof (Yankel), Nakhamkes (Steklof). 1 There are some slight differences between this list and the one to which he refers and which is quoted further on. 6 Jews Oulianof (Lenine), Krylenko, Lounatcharski, Russians 9 3 12 "The other Russian Socialist Parties are similar in composi­ tion. Their Central Committees are made up as follows: S.D, Mensheviks, 11 members, all Jews; Communists of the People, 6 members, of whom 5 are Jews and one is a Russian; S.R. (Right Wing), 15 members, of whom 13 are Jews and 2 are Russians (Kerenski, who may be of Jewish origin, and Tchaikov- ski); S.R. (Left Wing), 12 members, of whom 10 are Jews and 2 are Russians; Committee of the Anarchists of Moscow, 5 mem­ bers, of whom 4 are Jews and one is a Russian; Polish Com­ munist Party, 12 members, all Jews, including Sobelson (Radek), Krokhenal (Zagonski) and Schwartz (Goltz). "These parties, in appearance opposed to the Bolsheviks, play the Bolsheviks' game on the sly, more or less, by preventing the Russians from pulling themselves together. Out of 61 individuals at the head of these parties, there are 6 Russians and 55 Jews. No matter what may be the name adopted, a revolutionary gov­ ernment will be Jewish. The Council of the People's Commissars comprises the fol­ lowing :— Ministry or Commissariat Name Nationality President Oulianof (Lenine) Russian Foreign Affairs Tchitcherine Russian Nationalities Djougachvili Georgian Agriculture Protian Armenian Economic Council Lourie (Larine) Jew Food-Controller Schlichter Jew Army and Navy Bronstein (Trotski) Jew State-Control Lander Jew State Lands Kauffmann Jew Works V. Schmidt Jew Social Relief E. Lilina (Knigissen) Jewess 7 Ministry or Commissariat Name Nationality Public Instruction Lounatcharsky Russian Religions Spitzberg Jew Interior Apf elbaum (Zinovief) . .. Jew Hygiene Anvelt Jew Finance Isidore Goukovski Jew Press Volodarski Jew Elections Ouritski Jew Justice I. Steinberg Jew Refugees Fenigstein Jew Refugees (Assistant) Savitch Jew Refugees " Zaslovski …. Jew Out of 22 members, 3 Russians, 1 Georgian, 1 Armenian, 17 Jews. The following is the list of members of the Central Executive Committee: Name Nationality Sverdlof (President) Jew Avanessof (Secretary) Armenian Bruno Lett Breslau Lett Babtchinski :… .Jew Boukharine Russian Weinberg Jew Gailiss Jew Ganzburg Jew Danichevski Jew Starck German Sachs Jew Scheinmann Jew Erdling Jew Landauer Jew 8 Name Nationality Linder Jew Wolach Czech. Dimanstein Jew Enaikidze Georgian Ermann Jew Joffe Jew Karkhline Jew Knigissen Jew Rosenfeldt (Kamenef) Jew Apfelbaum (Zinovief) Jew Krylenko Russian Krassikof Jew Kaprik . Jew Kaoul Lett Oulianof (Lenine) Russian Latsis Jew Lander Jew Lounatcharski Russian Peterson Lett Peters Lett Roudzoutas Jew Rosine Jew Smidovitch Jew Stoutchka Lett Nakhamkes (Steklof) Jew Sosnovski Jew Skrytnik Jew Bronstein (Trotski) Jew Teodorovitch Jew Terian Armenian Ouritski Jew Telechkine Russian Feldmann J e w 9 Name Nationality Froumkine Jew Sottriupa Ukrainian Tchavtchevadze Georgian Scheikmann Jew Rosental Jew Achkinazi Imeretian Karakhane Karaim Rose Jew Sobelson (Radek) Jew ScHichter Jew Schikolini Jew Chklianski Jew Levine (Pravdine) Jew Accordingly out of 61 members, 5 are Russians, 6 are Letts, 1 is a German, 2 are Armenians, 1 is a Czech, 1 is an Imeretian, 2 are Georgians, 1 is a Karaim, 1 is a Ukrainian, and 41 are Jews. The following is the list of the members of the Extraordinary Commission of Moscow:— Name Nationality Dzerjinski (President) Pole Peters (Vice-President) Lett ChWovski Jew Kheifiss Jew Zeistine Jew Razmirovitch Jew Kronberg Jew Khaikina Jewess Karlson Lett Schaumann Lett Leontovitch Jew Jacob Goldine Jew 10 Name Nationality 11 Galperstein Jew Kniggisen Jew Latzis Lett Schillenkuss Jew Janson Lett Rivkine Jew Antonof Russian Delafabre Jew Tsitkine Jew Roskirovitch Jew G. Sverdlof Jew 1 Biesenskt Jew Blioumkine Jew 2 Alexandrovitch Russian 3 I. Model Jew Routenberg Jew Pines Jew Sachs , Jew Daybol Lett Saissoune Armenian Deylkenen Lett Liebert Jew Vogel German Zakiss Lett In all, 36 members of whom 1 is a Pole, 1 a German, 1 an Armenian, 2 are Russians, 8 are Letts, and 23 are Jews. "Accordingly there is no reason for being surprised at the pre­ ponderating role of the Jews in the assassination of the Imperial Family. It is rather the opposite which would have been sur­ prising." 1 Brother of President of Central Executive Committee. 2 Count Mirbach's assassin. 8 Blioumkine's accomplice. According to the erudite Russian writer, Petrovski, in La Russie sous les Juifs, p. 79, "Nicholas II, the Imperial Family and the faithful members of his suite, were shot by the Jew, Yourowsky, assisted by the Jews, Golostchokine and Voikoff, in obedience to the order sent from Moscow by the Jew, Sverdloff, and with the approval of the Council of the People's Commissars." We have seen the composition of the Council. Pope Pins XI and the Preparation of the Russian Revolution Pope Pius XI wrote as follows in the Encyclical Letter, Divini Redemptoris: "For them (the peoples of the Soviet Union) We cherish the warmest paternal affection. We are well aware that not a few of them groan beneath the yoke imposed on them by men who in very large part are strangers to the real interests of the country. We recognise that many others were deceived by fallacious hopes. We blame only the system with its authors and abettors who considered Russia the best field for experimenting with a plan elaborated years ago, and who from there continue to spread it from one end of the world to the other." In this pam­ phlet, I have outlined some of the historical evidence which goes to prove that those "strangers to the real interests of Russia," who are experimenting with this Marxian plan elaborated years ago, are members of the Jewish nation, and that Communism is the latest and, up to the present, the most decadent materialistic phase of the opposition of that nation to the Supernatural Messias. Some Points of Detail Since the first publication of this pamphlet, doubts have been expressed about the accuracy of some details contained therein, especially about the language in Lenin's home and about the Jew­ ish nationality of Madame Kollontai, Piatakoff and Karakhain. I have dealt with the question of Lenin's nationality at some length in this edition, on pages 25 to 27, without, however, pretending to be able to settle the question definitely. Madame Kollontai is spoken of as a Jewess and Piatakoff and Karakhain are giyen as Jews in the document quoted from the "Defender" of Kansas for the period 1935-1936. I have since discovered that this list is probably taken from a pamphlet in French, Les Juifs en U.RSS., published by Les Nouvelles Editions Nationales of Paris. The lists of names in the French pamphlet are quoted 12 from another pamphlet in Russian with the same title and they ,are preceded by an introduction from the pen of a former secre­ tary of a Communist "cell." In spite of these guarantees of special knowledge, it is almost certain that Madame Kollontai is not a Jewess but a Russian. There was a Russian revolutionary named Piatakoff, but I have not been able to discover if he is identical with the Piatakoff mentioned as a Jew in the "Defender" and in the French pamphlet. I have been also assured that Karakhain is an Armenian, not a Jew. In Robert Wilton's list, quoted in the Foreword, there is a Karakhane who is a Karaim, which means that he is a member of the Jewish sect of the Karaites. That may account for the conflicting statements about him. 1 The doubts raised about these points of detail only serve to confirm the overwhelming truth of what Robert Wilton wrote in The Last Days of the Romanovs: "The Jewish domination in Russia is supported by certain Russians . . . they (the Jews), having wrecked and plundered Russia by appealing to the ignorance of the working folk, are now using their dupes to set up a new tyranny worse than any the world has known." That tyranny is kept in existence by the same means by which it was set up. "In Red Dusk and the Morrow" (page 303), by Sir Paul Dukes, formerly Chief of the British Secret Service in Russia, we read that a Lithuanian asked a prominent Bolshevik how the regime was maintained. The answer was: "Our power is based on three things: first, on Jewish brains; secondly, on Lettish and Chinese bayonets; and thirdly, on the crass stupidity of the Rus­ sian people." One must deprecate the horrible insult to the unfortunate Russians whose natural leaders have been murdered, but the statement may otherwise be taken as a fairly accurate summary of the situation. The War, September, 1939 ? This little book and the previous portion of this Foreword 1 From the Encyclopaedia Britanica, vol. 18 and from the National En­ cyclopaedia, we learn that the Karaites were a Jewish sect which came into existence at Bagdad about the middle of the eighth century. The founder of the sect was the Rabbi Anon ben David. The Karaites appear to have been influential in the earlier period of their history, but at the present day, the sect is small and insignificant. Its members are chiefly to be found in Southern Russia, Poland, Turkey, Egypt and Palestine. 13 had been written before war began between England, France, Poland on the one side, and Germany on the other. For years, anyone accustomed to Judaeo-Masonic methods could easily see that the "democracies" of England, France and the United States were being urged on to war against "Fascism." That was and is quite clear and certain. On the other hand, the world-programme of the Rulers of Russia involves the unceasing effort to get the capitalist countries into armed conflict. A statement made by Stalin, at a session of the Third International or Comintern in Moscow, in May, 1938, makes this manifest. "The revived of revolutionary action on any scale sufficiently vast," said the Mus­ covite figure-head, "will not be possible unless we succeed in utilising the existing disagreements between the capitalistic coun­ tries, so as to precipitate them against each other into armed conflict The doctrine of Marx-Engels-Lenin teaches us that all war truly generalised should terminate automatically by revolution. The essential work of our party comrades in foreign countries consists, then, in facilitating the provocation of suck a conflict Those who do not comprehend this know nothing of revolutionary Marxism. I hope that you will remind the comrades, those of you who direct the work. The decisive hour will arrive. 9 ' 1 When the "democracies" had been sufficiently keyed up by all the means at {he disposal of financial forces, a non-aggression pact signed by Stalin gave Germany hope of sufficient supplies to be able to with­ stand the blockade. Stalin had thus done his part to promote conflict, and can now watch the growth of exhaustion in the differ­ ent countries, while awaiting the decisive hour for world-revolu­ tion. The attack on the Mass may even be begun by a repetition of the dismemberment of Poland. Long ago, Frederick the Great of Prussia invited Russia and Austria to a "mystic communion in the body of Poland" saying that it might not be for the good of their souls but that it would be for the good of their States. History repeats itself. There are rumors of an anti-Jewish drive in Moscow. Some even go so far as to say that the death or deportation or imprison- 1 Quoted in The Patriot, May 25th, 1939. The Pravda of 7th November, 1938, contains a statement issued by Dimitrov, General Secretary of the Komintern, in which he says amongst other things: "We must prevent a criminal understanding between the Fascist aggressors and the British and French imperialist clique," 14 ment by Stalin of many of the Jews who, since the Bolshevik Revolution of October, 1917, have controlled the world activity of Moscow, is indicative of a Russian national anti-Semitic reaction. This reasoning is very superficial. In spite of the "purges," Jewish enthusiasm for Communism as seen, for example, in regard to Spain, has not diminished in the least, nor has there been that slacking off in the activity of Communist agents which inevitably follows quarrels in the central authority. In passing, it is worth recalling that many of those "liquidated" Jews were originally introduced into Russia by Jewish financiers acting in collaboration with the German Government. 1 So far as one can see at present, there may be some superficial reactions in Russia as a result of the German-Soviet Pact, but the funda­ mental orientation of Russia has not varied. The programme of World-Revolution as outlined by Stalin in 1938 still holds. If Jewish propaganda for Communism lessens in volume and intensity, not merely in passing but in permanent fashion, and if the activity of Communist agents grows less, then we may look for the existence of some kind of national reaction in Russia. If not, then all that will have happened is that some of the figure­ heads will have changed, while the secret controlling authority remains the same. 2 In the early days of the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, there was resistance to the new orientation, on the part of some Jews in Russia, but it quickly died away. In this con­ nection, it is interesting to note the announcement that the Jew, Karl Radek (Sobelsohn), though under guard since the Zinovieff trial, has been named head of the Soviet Russian Atheist party. He is one of the ablest of the older revolutionaries. The reasoning outlined in the last paragraph is confirmed by the perusal of a remarkable book, excellently documented, entitled "The Russian Face of Germany/' which appeared in 1932 from the pen of Mr. Cecil F. Melville. Mr. Melville gives in detail the history of the collaboration between the German Army authori­ ties and Soviet Russia. I will quote some extracts and allow them to speak for themselves. "The story I shall unfold in these pages is the story of Germany's two faces, the one turned towards West- 1 Cf. The Mystical Body of Christ in the Modern World, pp. 89-93. 2 It is curious to find Die Zeit, a Yiddish daily of London, in substantial agreement with this, in its issue of 17 Sept., 1939. Cf. The Patriot, 19 Oct., 1939. 15 ern Europe, the other turned towards Soviet Russia. . . . It can be said, without any exaggeration, that from 1921 till the present day Russia has been able, thanks to Germany, to equip herself with all kinds of arms, munitions, and the most up-to-date war material for an army of several millions; and that, thanks to her factories manufacturing war material in Russia, Germany has been able to assure herself not only of secret supplies of war material and the training of officers and other ranks in the use of this material, but also, in the event of war, the possession of the best stocked arsenals in Russia. . . . The firm of Krupp's of Essen—Krupp the German Canon-King (Kanonenkoenig)—de­ serves a chapter to itself in this review of German war-industries in Russia. Tt deserves a separate chapter . . . because its activity upon Soviet territory has grown to tremendous proportions. . . . The final consolidation of the dominating position Krupp's occupy in Russia, was the formation of a separate company 'Manych' to which the Soviet Government granted a liberal concession. . . . Negotiations concerning these concessions for the company were conducted in Moscow, for several months. . . . Gradually there was formed in Russia a chain of experimental training camps, and artillery parks (ostensibly eliminated by the Treaty of Ver­ sailles). These are under the management of German officers, and they are invariably teeming with Germans either arriving to undergo a course of training, or leaving after the completion of the course. … At the time of writing (1932) interest is grow­ ing in the rising star of Herr Adolf Hitler, the Nazi Leader, Herr Hitler is regarded as the protagonist par excellence of the Right against the Left in Germany, and, as a Hitlerist regime is anticipated before long, it may perhaps be argued that the Dritte Reich of the Nazis, the sworn enemies of Communism, would not tolerate the Reichswehr-Red Army connection. Such a con­ clusion would be inaccurate to the last degree. . . . Stalin, the realist, would have no qualms in collaborating with a Hitlerist Germany. But more important than this are the following facts:— The Reichswehr Chiefs and their political allies amongst the civilian politicians and officials have succeeded in nursing their Eastern orientation, their underground military collaboration with the Soviets, in spite of all the changes of political regime in Ger­ many since the end of the war. It has made little or no difference to them whether the Reich Government has been composed of men of the Right, the Centre, or the Left. They have just con- 16 tinued their policy uninfluenced by political change. There is no reason to suppose that they would change their course under a Hitlerist regime, especially when it is remembered that most oij the aims, in external policy, of the Nazi leaders, are identical with those of the Nationalists and the military leaders themselves. Furthermore, there are the great German industrialists, of Nation­ alist colour, who are amongst the principal collaborators, on the war material side, with the Reichswehr Chiefs, and who are, there­ fore, hand in glove with the directors of the "Abfnachungen" (Agreements) plot. Many of these great industrialists are con­ tributors on a big scale to the Nazi party funds. A Hitlerist Ger­ many would, therefore, have no qualms in continuing the collab­ oration with Soviet Russia. . . . The Reichswehr chiefs who are conducting the Abmachungen delude themselves that they can use Bolshevist Russia to help them in their hoped-for war of revenge against Europe, and then, in the hour of victory, hold the Bolshe­ vists at bay, and keep them in their place. The more subtle psy­ chologists at the Kremlin, of course, know better, but are wise enough to keep their knowledge to themselves. The fact, however, that this German-Russian plot will in the end, bring about the destruction of Germany, will not in any way reconcile Europe to its own destruction at the hands of Germany and Russia together." 1 In spite, then, of Russia's design to bring about world-revolu­ tion, Prussia wants to make use of Russia to secure "the place in the sun" to which she thinks she is entitled. As far back as 1931, General von Seckt, the creator of the new German Army, the Reichswehr, set out the Prussian programme in a speech delivered on January 24th, 1931, before the Economic Society of Minister, in Westphalia. He said: "The goal of Russia is in the first instance a world-revolution. The nucleus of opposition to such plans is to be found in the capitalist powers, England and France in the first instance, with America close behind them. There follows a certain community of interests (of Russia) with Germany, which is being threatened by the demands of these powers. The most profound animosity of Russia is directed against Poland, the ally of the world Powers and Russia's immedi­ ate neighbour. Herein lies the point of Russia's closest rapproche­ ment with Germany. . . . The fact that the Western Powers, by i op. cit, pp. 4, 102, 114, 117, 120, 173, 174, 6. 17 helping Russia, expose themselves to a great danger is too obvious to require further proofs. . . . As far as we are concerned, this danger exists considerably nearer, but nevertheless our position between France and Poland compels us to try to remain in con­ stant touch and in close understanding with Russia in order not to fall into complete dependence upon the Western countries. This position will remain compulsory for us no matter whether the present regime in Russia continues or not." 1 With regard to Poland, General von Seckt added that any understanding be­ tween Germany and Poland was out of the question. He held that German hopes for the future were intimately bound up with her relations with Russia, but that Germany should ruthlessly repulse any attempt at penetration on the part of Bolshevism. It is quite clear now that the Prussians in 1939, as in 1932 and before it, are to be reckoned amongst those who think, as Mr. Melville puts it, that they can play with the devil and win. Russia's aims, or rather the aims of those who control Russia, have not changed. Trotsky, on the one hand, wanted world-revo­ lution as the only secure bulwark for a strong Communist State in Russia. Stalin, on the other hand, wanted a strong Soviet Russian State as the only secure foundation for world-revolution. Stalin's point of view has been accepted by the controlling powers, and we have been allowed by the Russian Board of Censors, whose non-Russian nationality was certified to us by Mr. Douglas Reed in 1935, to peruse what they thought fit about the very elab­ orate elimination of the elements imbued with the Trotskyist ideals. Both Stalin and Trotsky, however, were and are instru­ ments of those for whom Communism is a means. We must there­ fore bear well in mind that "the new Bolshevist orthodoxy of Stalin is probably more dangerous to Europe in the long run than the more spectacular methods of Trotsky and the more vocal methods of Zinoviev in the heyday of the Third International. I say more dangerous . . . and more formidable, because a more practical conception than the old Trotskyist idea. . . . It is just the growth of this Stalinist conception which has made possible the continuance on an ever-increasing scale, of the secret rela­ tionship between 'Red' Russia and 'White' Germany." 2 1 Melville: The Russian Face of Germany, pp. 158, 159. 2 The Russian Face of Germany, by C F. Melville, pp. 169, 170. 18 Molotov's speech on the Russo-German Pact, at the beginning of September, 1939, has served as a partial foundation for the rumours of a "Russian" national reaction. Molotov, the Soviet Minister for Foreign Affairs, is reported to have said, when speaking of the Russo-German Pact before the Soviet Supreme Council: "People ask how the Soviet Union could consent to improve political relations with a state of the Fascist type (such as Germany); . . . but they forget that we hold the position of not interfering in the internal affairs of other countries …" Some have concluded from this that Hitler has induced the Russian Government to renounce Jewish International Communism and restrict its Socialistic ideology to Russia. They forget, however, that Molotov is surely a loyal follower of Marx and Lenin. He doubtlessly follows Lenin's instructions. "We deny all morality in the bourgeois sense," wrote Lenin, "for according to the bour­ geois, morality has its origin in the Commandments of God . . . our morality, on the contrary, is entirely subordinate to the inter­ ests of the proletariat." Accordingly, a lie is not a lie when it serves the interests of the proletariat. Lenin admitted that he had accepted German money to make the Bolshevik Revolution, but he added: "I will make the same revolution in Germany with Russian money." Has Lenin's programme been scrapped? Again, if the Soviet has given up interfering in the internal affairs of other countries, why has Lozovsky, a Jew whose real name is Solomon Abramovitch Dridzo, been named permanent head of the Soviet Foreign Office and principal adviser to Molotov? According to The Tablet of July 15th, 1939, Lozovsky, is, par excellence, the Apostle of Revolution through war. "TTie truth then is," concludes the leader-writer in The Tablet just quoted, "that the Russian Comintern is still confessedly engaged in endeavouring to foment war in order to facilitate revolution, and that one of its chief organisers, Lozovsky, has been installed as principal adviser to Molotov. . . . A few months ago he wrote in the French publication, La Vie OuvrHre, . . . . that his chief aim in life is the overthrow of the existing order in the grea* Democracies." Anyone who had read Mr. Melville's able study was not aston­ ished at the ease with which the German Nazis did business with the Jewish officials of the Soviet. The tradition had long been forming. No wonder the German Bishops felt compelled to say in a Joint Pastoral Letter of 1935, that even the most anti-Bolshe- 19 vist circles, in spite of their protestations, were being infected with a spiritual Communism. In his Letter of 2nd February, 1930, On the Soviet Campaign against God, Pope Pius XI wrote as follows "We were also at pains to ask the Governments represented at the Conference of Genoa, to make, by common agreement, a declaration which might have saved Russia and all the world from many woes, demanding as a condition preliminary to any recognition of the Soviet Gov­ ernment, respect for conscience, freedom of worship and of church property. Alas, these three points, so essential above all to those ecclesiastical hierarchies unhappily separated from Catholic unity, were abandoned in favour of temporal interests, which in fact would have been better safeguarded, if the different Governments had first of all considered the rights of God, His Kingdom and His Justice." The Governments of Europe refused concerted action for the rights of God. Now that war has broken out in Europe, Russia will make every effort to pursue her campaign against God. In the splendid Encyclical Letter On the Condition of the Church in Germany (March 14th, 1937), Pope Pius XI said that "the first and obvious duty the priest owes to the world about him is service to the truth, the whole truth, the unmasking and refutation of error in whatever form or disguise it conceals itself." During the terrible conflict that is now raging in Europe, one of the greatest services that can be rendered to the cause of truth is to warn the world of the ulterior revolutionary designs of the Rulers of Russia. They aim everywhere, as in Spain, at the elim­ ination of the love of Our Lord. Their efforts in Spain have terminated in a glorious victory for Christ, and to-day, the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, the Crucifix is being solemnly reinstated in the schools of Madrid and of the provinces, from which it had been banished. "Spain's victory has mainly been a victory of the Cross, and our war was fought as a crusade against the enemies of truth." So runs the decree of the Spanish Minister of Education ordaining this act of reparation. May the example of Spanish Catholicism nerve Catholics for the coming struggle everywhere! There are ominous signs of preparations, on the part of International Financiers, under cover of the war, for a nat­ uralistic organisation of the United States of Europe and of the World. It will be a new and revised edition of that Judaeo- 20 Masonic creation, the League of Nations. The Bank for Inter­ national Settlements will develop its powers still further. DENIS FAHEY, C.S.Sp. Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, 14th September, 1939. Postscript. Just when correcting the final proofs of this book, The Patriot (London) of 9th November, 1939, came to hand. It contains the following: "There is, however, no real evidence that the Soviet Government has changed its policy of communism under control of the Bolsheviks, or has loosened its control of communism in other countries, or has ceased to be under Jew control. Unwanted tools certainly have been 'liquidated* in Russia by Stalin in his determination to be the supreme head, and it is not unnatural that some Jews, when all the leading positions were held by them, have suffered in the process of rival elimination. Outside Russia, events in Poland show how the Comintern still works. The Polish Ukraine has been communised under Jewish commissars, with property owners either shot or marched into Russia as slaves, with all estates confiscated and all business and property taken over by the State. It has been said in the American Jewish Press that the Bolshevik advance into the Ukraine was to save the Jews there from meeting the fate of their co-religionists in Germany, but this same Press is silent as to the fate meted out to the Chris­ tian Poles. In less than a month, in any case, the lie has been given to MolotofFs non-interference statement. Should interna­ tional communism ever complete its plan of bringing civilisation to nought, it is conceivable mat some form of world government in the hands of a few men could emerge, which would not be communism. It would be the domination of barbarous tyrants over a world of slaves, and communism would have been used as the means to an end." 21 THE RULERS OF RUSSIA IN this pamphlet I present to my readers a number of serious documents which go to show that the real forces behind Bolshe­ vism in Russia are Jewish forces, and that Bolshevism is really an instrument in the hands of the Jews for the establishment of their future Messianic kingdom. Since Bolshevism, on its own confession, does not intend to remain within the narrow limits of any one country, but ambitions a world-wide influence or empire, the importance of this documentation is manifest. It is certain that many Catholics are ignorant of these facts and of their implications. When one realises that Communism is an instrument intended to prepare for the coming of the natural Messias, one can understand the intensity of the hatred of Com­ munists against the Mass and against priests, as well as the malignity of the propaganda in every country against the religious orders of the Catholic Church. It is more than probable that many professing Communists, even some amongst the paid orators and agents of Communism, are unaware of the final goal of their employers and trainers. The attention of these dupes should be drawn to the facts and they should be asked for full explanations. While stressing the inescapable nature of the conclusions to be drawn from the documents quoted below, I desire at the outset to emphasise the fact that the methods to be adopted by Catholics to frustrate the preparations for the kingdom of the natural Messias should always and everywhere be in accordance with the teachings and spirit of the supernatural Messias, Our Lord Jesus Christ. Mr, Hilaire Belloc writes (G. K/s Weekly, February 4th, 1937) : "As for anyone who does not know that die present revo­ lutionary Bolshevist movement is Jewish in Russia, I can only say that he must be a man who is taken in by the suppressions of our deplorable Press." This is a strong statement What is the evidence to support it? 22 (1) The Rulers of Russia in 1917-1918 In the book, The Mystical Body of Christ in the Modern World, two documents are quoted in proof of the fact that the Jews were the real rulers of Russia after the Bolshevik revolution. The first document, quoted on p. 88, is the report forwarded to London by Mr. Oudendyke, the representative of the Nether­ lands Government at St. Petersburg, when the Bolshevists began their reign of terror. Mr. Balfour received the report via Chris- tiania on the 18th September, 1918. It was published as a British White Paper in April, 1919, and was entitled: "Russia, No. 1 (1919), A Collection of Reports on Bolshevism in Russia." The kernel of the Paper is contained in the following extract from Mr. Oudendyke's Report: "The danger is now so great that I feel it my duty to call the attention of the British and all other Governments to the fact that, if an end is not put to Bolshevism at once, the civilisation of the whole world will be threatened. This is not an exaggeration, but a sober matter of fact. . . . I consider that the immediate suppression of Bolshevism is the greatest issue now before the world, not even excluding the war which is still raging, and unless, as above stated, Bolshevism is nipped in the bud immediately, it is bound to spread in one form or another over Europe and the whole world, as it is organised and worked by Jews who have no nationality and whose one object is to destroy for their own ends the existing order of things. The only manner in which this danger can be averted would be col­ lective action on the part of all the Powers." The Foreword to the White Paper stated that it was issued in accordance with a decision of the English War Cabinet in Janu­ ary (1919). The subsequent history of this White Paper is extra­ ordinary. It speedily disappeared from circulation and became unobtainable. Then an abridged edition was issued, with the same title, at 6d. instead of 9d. From the abridged edition the passage we have quoted and some more had been eliminated. It has never been possible to ascertain how the original document was sup­ pressed. The second document, treating of the financing of the Russian Revolution by the Jewish Bank of Kuhn, Loeb and Company, is the one drawn up by the American Intelligence Service and trans- 23 mitted by the French High Commissioner to his government. This document is quoted at length on pp. 88-91 of The Mystical Body of Christ in the Modern World. It was published by the Documentation Catholique of Paris on 6th March, 1920, and was preceded by the following remarks: "The authenticity of this doc­ ument is guaranteed to us. With regard to the exactness of the information it contains, the American State Department must assume responsibility." This document was quoted in 1920 in a supplement to the paper La Vieille France which added: "All the governments of the Entente were aware of this memorandum, drawn from the data of the American Intelligence Service and sent at the time to the French High Commissioner and his colleagues." In addition to the information about the Jewish Banking Houses which financed the Russian Revolution, the document also gives the long list of Jews who took over the direction of the Russian people in 1917. Lenin is given as a Russian, but all the other twenty-four given on the list—Trotsky, ZinoviefF, Kameneff, Parvus, etc.—are stated to be Jews. Assumed Name Reed Name Nationality LENIN .. . . OULIANOW (Ulianoff) Russian TROTSKY (Trotzky) .. BRONSTEIN Jewish STECKLOFF . . NAKHAMES Jewish MARTOFF .. ZEDERBAUM Jewish ZlNOVIEFF .. APFELBAUM Jewish KAMENEFF . . ROSENFELD Jewish DAN .. GOUREVITCH (Yurewitsch) Jewish GANETZKY . . FURSTENBERG Jewish PARVUS .. HELPFAND Jewish URITZKY .. PADOMILSKY Jewish LARIN . . LURGE Jewish BOHRIN . . NATHANSOHN Jewish MARTINOFF . . ZlBAR Jewish BOGDANOFF . . Z XLBERSTEIN Jewish GARZN .. GARFELD Jewish 24 Assumed Name Real Name Nationality SUCHANOFF . . GlMEL . . Jewish KAMNELFF . . GOLDMANN . . Jewish SAGERSKY . . KROCHMANN .. Jewish RIAZANOFF . . GOLDENBACH . . Jewish SOLUTEZEFF .. . . BLEICHMANN . . Jewish PlATNITZKY . . ZlWIN .. Jewish AxELROD . . ORTHODOX .. Jewish GLASNUOFF . . SCHULTZE .. Jewish ZtJRIESAIN . . WEINSTEIN .. Jewish LAPINSKY . . LOEWENSOHN . . Jewish Since The Mystical Body of Christ in the Modern World was published I have had the opportunity of reading that very inter­ esting work, entitled All These Things, by A. N. Field. In Appen­ dix B he quotes from Volume III of United States Senate Docu­ ment No. 62, 66th Congress, First Session, some extracts from the evidence of Rev. George A. Simons, Superintendent of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Petrograd from 1907 to October 6th, 1918, before a Committee of the United States Senate on February 12th, 1919. The Rev. Mr. Simons stated with regard to the Bolshevik Government in Petrograd: "In December, 1918 . . . under the presidency of a man known as Apfelbaum (Zino- vieff) . . . out of 388 members, only 16 happened to be real Rus­ sians, and all the rest Jews, with die exception of one man who is a negro from Norm America . . . and 265 of these Jews belonging to this Northern Commune government that is sitting in the old Smolny Institute come from the Lower East Side of New York—265 of them". Mr. Field remarked in Appendix B of his book, All These Things: "Lenin was married to a Jewess, spoke Yiddish in his family circle, and Dr. Chaim Weizmann, Jewish Zionist leader, was quoted in the London Jewish Chronicle of December 16th, 1932, as saying that Lenin had taken part in Jewish student meet­ ings in Switzerland thirty-five years before. He is generally regarded as a Russian, but there is doubt." 25 In her book, From Liberty to Brest-Litovsk (Macmillan, 1919), the Russian lady, Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, widow of the late Dr. Harold Williams, for long Manchester Guardian correspond­ ent in Russia, describes the events of the first year of the Russian Revolution. Mrs. Williams was a member of the last Duma and speaks with the authority of an eye-witness and close observer. On pages 297-299 of her work we read: "There are few Russians among the Bolshevist wire-pullers, i.e., few men imbued with the all-Russian culture and interests of the Russian people. None of them have in any way been prominent in any stage of former Russian life. .. . Besides obvious foreigners, Bolshevism recruited many adherents from among emigres^ who had spent many years abroad. Some of them had never been to Russia before. They especially numbered a great many Jews. They spoke Russian badly. The nation over which they had seized power was a stranger to them, and besides, they behaved as invaders in a conquered country. Throughout the Revolution generally and Bolshevism in particular, the Jews occupied a very influential position. This phenomenon is both curious and complex. But the fact remains that such was the case in the primarily elected Soviet (the famous trio—Lieber, Dahn, Gotz), and all the more so in the second one. "In the Soviet Republic all the committees and commissaries were filled with Jews. They often changed their Jewish names for a Russian one — Trotsky-Bronstein, Kameneff-Rozenfeld, Zinovieff-Apfelbaum, Stekloff-Nakhamkes, and so on. But such a masquerade deceived no one, while the very pseudonyms of the commissaries only emphasised the international or rather the alien character of Bolshevist rule. . . . But, of course, there were also Russians among the Bolsheviks—workmen, soldiers, peasants. Oulianoff-Lenin is a Russian. Lunacharsky, Bonch-Bruevich, Mme. Collontai, Chicherin—all these influential Bolshevist leaders are Russian by origin. But that predominant class which very rapidly crystallised around the Bolsheviks was mainly composed of individuals alien to the Russian people. This fact is probably useful to them to keep control over the masses, for Bolshevist autocracy is founded upon their absolute contempt of the people whom they rule. The most terrible trait of Bolshevism is its utter unscrupulousness as to ways and means, and the blunt cruelty of its leaders." 26 Shortly after the second edition of this pamphlet appeared, a close student of the Russian Revolution wrote to me to say that he could find no confirmation of the statement that Lenin spoke Yiddish in his family circle. A Russian lady also wrote to a friend of mine that "Lenin's wife, M. K. Krupskaya, is a Russian and, even if she were a Jewess, which she is not, at home she would speak Russian." I here beg to set out what I have since been able to discover about this question. For some of the writers I have quoted about the predominance of the Jews, namely, the Russian lady^, Mrs. Williams, and the English journalist, Robert Wilton, Lenin or UlianofF is undoubtedly a Russian. For Mrs. Williams, he was purely and simply the son of a schoolmaster belonging to the nobility of the Simbirsk province. On the other hand, though the Russian historian, D. Petrovsky, on page 37 of his detailed history of the revolution, La Russie sous les juifs (Russia under the Jews) says that Lenin (Oulianoff) is one of a number of Russian traitors, yet, on page 86 of the same work, he adds in a note: "Lenin is commonly held to be a Russian, but the natives of Simbirsk are of a different opinion. They relate that a convoy of prisoners traversed Simbirsk a good many years ago. After the departure of the prisoners, a little boy remained behind and was picked up and reared by a gentleman named Ouilanoff. Years after, a letter came, in ill-formed characters, from the convict settlement, from a certain Ilko Sroul Goldman saying that he had learned, as a result of lengthy inquiries, where his son was. He asked for news of him. This Goldman was said to be Lenin's father. He never again wrote." Again, Victor E. Marsden, who was for many years the Morning Post's corre­ spondent in Russia and who was present at the time of the Revo­ lution of 1917, writes: " . . . Lenin is a half-blooded Jew, that is to say, the original Ulianov who bore the name of Lenin was so, but there is ground to believe that the present Lenin is per­ sonating that man who is dead and that the actual Lenin of the Bolshevik business is what he looks, a full-blooded Jew." (Jews in Russia, page 5). In the same pamphlet there is a note added to the lists of the names of the 447 Jews out of the 545 officials of the Soviet Bureaucracy. The note says that it is doubtful if Lenin is Russian; that he is Oulinoff by adoption but really a Jew, married to a Jewess and that his children speak Yiddish. Thus, though the consensus of opinion is in favour of Lenin's Russian nationality, there is a certain element of doubt. 27 The lists, in the pamphlet, Jews in Russia, are drawn up from the Soviet Press at the time of the first Soviet Government The lists of names and the numbers of the different nationalities are in practical agreement with those given by Robert Wilton, except in fiie case of the Central Executive Committee. On this Commit­ tee Wilton reckons 41 Jews, whereas the Marsden pamphlet gives the number of Jews as 43. (2) The Rulers of Russia in 1919-1920 A. Homer, M.A., D.Sc, etc., wrote an article which appeared in the issues of The Catholic Herald of the 21st and 28th October and the 4th November, 1933, in reply to a challenge issued by Mr. L. J. Hydleman. The article was reprinted in pamphlet form in response to a widespread demand for this information, which had been collated from authoritative sources (both Jew and Gen­ tile) to demonstrate the relation between Judaism and Bolshevism, and the alliance between International Finance and its protegees, Bolshevism and Zionism. Thus far we are quoting from the Foreword to the pamphlet, which adds that the Editor of The Catholic Herald repeatedly reserved space for Mr. Hydleman to reply, but that, so far as has been ascertained, neither Mr. Hydleman nor any other responsible member of the Jewish nation has ever attempted a reply. From the pamphlet itself we learn: "The Soviet movement was a Jewish, and not a Russian con­ ception. It was forced on Russia from without, when, in 1917, German and German-American-Jew interests sent Lenin and his associates into Russia, furnished with the wherewithal to bring about the defection of the Russian armies. . . . . . . "The Movement has never been controlled by Russians. "(a) Of the 224 revolutionaries who, in 1917, were despatched to Russia with Lenin to foment the Bolshevik Revolution, 170 were Jews. "(b) According to the Times of 29th March; 1919, 'of the 20 or 30 commissaries or leaders who provide the central machinery of the Bolshevist movement, not less than 75 28 per cent, are Jews . . . among minor officials the num­ ber is legion.' " "According to official information from Russia, in 1920, out of 545 members of the Bolshevist Administration, 447 were Jews. "The number of official appointments bestowed upon Jews is entirely out of proportion to their percentage in the State: "The population of Soviet Russia is officially given as 158,- 400,000, the Jewish section, according to the Jewish Encyclo­ paedia, being about 7,800,000. Yet, according to the Jewish Chronicle of 6th January, 1933: Over one-third of the Jews in Russia have become officials." (3) The Rulers of Russia in 1923-1924 On pages 93 and 94 of The Mystical Body of Christ in the Modern World, a passage is quoted from Impressions of Soviet Russia, by Charles Sarolea, Belgian Consul in Edinburgh and Professor of French Literature in the University of Edinburgh, in which he says: "I am quite ready to admit that the Jewish leaders are only a proportionately infinitesimal fraction, even as the British rulers of India are an infinitesimal fraction. But it is none the less true that those few Jewish leaders are the-masters of Russia, even as the fifteen hundred Anglo-Indian Civil Serv­ ants are the masters of India. For any traveller in Russia to deny such a truth would be to deny the evidence of his own senses. When you find that out of a large number of important Foreign Office officials whom you have met, all but two are Jews, you are entitled to say that the Jews are running the Russian Foreign Office." Professor Sarolea says that he has been a constant student of the Russian language, of Russian literature and of Russian con­ ditions for thirty-five years, and that he submitted his Manuscript before publication to some of the highest European authorities on things Russian and Slavonic. (4) The Rulers of Russia in 1928-1929 The erudite work of D. Petrovsky, La Russie sous les Juifs (Russia under the Jews), published by Baudiniere, Paris, in 1931, 29 treats at length of the origin of the two revolutions of 1917, and carries on the story of the Jewish domination of Russia to the years of 1928-1929. It also gives a detailed account of the growth of anti-Jewish feeling. Proofs, including a speech by Sir G. Buchanan, British Am­ bassador, are given on pages 25 and 26 of Petrovsky's work, of the complicity of the English Government in the first Russian revolution of 1917—the one which placed Lwoff, Kerensky and Milioukoff in power. Then, on pages 34 and 35, the story of the revolution is completed by the account of the sending of Lenin and companions to Russia from Switzerland by the German Gen­ eral Stan. It is there also asserted that it was Milioukoff, the Minister for Foreign Affairs in the revolutionary government, who procured from the English Government the release of Trotsky and companions, who had been put under arrest at Halifax (Nova Scotia) by the British naval authorities. Petrovsky thinks that without the connivance of Kerensky, the second or Bolshevist revo­ lution of 1917 would not have been possible. Germany and Eng­ land were at war, but both were induced to help to install Jewish power in Russia. The German general, Ludendorff, in his Me­ moirs, admits the responsibility of his government for Lenin's return to Russia.* In All These Things, pp. 62-63, A. N. Field points out the responsibility of the English in regard to the death of the Russian Imperial family. He quotes statements by Kerensky and by Miss Muriel Buchanan, daughter of the British Ambassador to Russia, Sir George Buchanan. The Tsar and the Imperial family were murdered by the order of the Jew, Sverdloff. The Figaro of Paris in April, 1932, gave an outline of the career of Mr. Otto Kahn, partner in the Jewish International Bankinghouse of Kuhn, Loeb & Company, which, as we have seen, according to the American Official Intelligence Service, financed the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. Otto Kahn's fellow *Cf. Letter of J. M. Dell to Mr. Lloyd George cited by the Russian Commissar in the pamphlet Trotsky (Defender Publishers, Wichita, Kansas). Milioukoff also got Litvinoff liberated by England. He had been arrested as a German spy. 30 partners were Jacob Setoff, Paul and Felix Warburg. According to the Figaro, Mr. Kahn on first going to America was a clerk in the firm of Speyer and Company, and married a grand-daughter of Mr. Wolf, one of the founders of Kuhn, Loeb & Company. The Parisian paper added that in June, 1931, Mrs. Otto Kahn paid a visit to Russia, where: "She was officially received by the Soviet Government, which gave in her honour a grand diplomatic dinner and several brilliant receptions. The ceremonial displayed exceeded in pomp and solemnity the journey of Amannullah when King of Afghanistan. The Red army lined the roads at the pres­ ent arms. . . . It was the least that the heads of the 'Proletarian Dictatorship' could do in order to honour the wife of one of their sovereigns." On the same pages, 56 and 57, of All These Things, by A. N. Field, from which the above information is taken, we also read that Mr. Hannen Swaffer wrote in the Daily Herald of April 2nd, 1934, as follows: "I knew Otto Kahn, the multimillionaire, for many years. I knew him when he was a patriotic German. I knew him when he was a patriotic American. Naturally, when he wanted to enter the House of Commons, he joined the 'patriotic party.' " We read, too, that an attempt was made to secure the nomination of Mr. Otto Kahn as president of the English-speaking Union, and the manoeuvre was defeated by the timely exposure of Kahn's Bolshevist activities. It was proved that Kahn's house was a meet­ ing place for Soviet agents, such as Nina Smorodin, Claire Sheri­ dan, Louise Bryant and Margaret Harrison. (5) The Riders of Russia in 1935-36 In the able work of A. N. Field, from which I have already quoted, we find, on pages 276 and 277, the following remarkable statements: "Stalin, present ruler of Russia, is not a Jew, but took as his second wife the twenty-one year old sister of the Jew, L. M. Kagonowitz, his right-hand man, who has been spoken of as his probable or possible successor. Stalin's every movement is made under Jewish eyes." "Central Committee of the Communist Party, 1935." "According to the 'Defender' (Wichita, Kansas) for February, 31 1936, the Central committee of the Communist party in Moscow, the very centre of International Communism, consisted of 59 mem­ bers, of whom 56 were Jews, and the other three were married to Jewesses. These figures are given in other journals also. The list is as follows: Non-Jews married to Jewesses (3) : L. V. Stalin, S. S. Lobow, V. V. Ossinsky. Jews (56): V. V. Balitsky, K. J. Baumann, I ,M. Vareikis, J. B. Gamarnik, I. I. Egoff, I. A. Zelensky, I. D. Kabakoff, L. M. Kaganowitz, V. G. Knorin, M. M. Litvinoff. I. E. Liobimow, D. Z. Manouilsky, I, P. Nossow, J. L. Piatakow, 1 I. O. Piatnitzky, M. O. Aazoumow, M. L. Ruchimovitch, K. V. Rindin, M. M. Houtaevitch, M. S. Tchoudow, A. M. Schvernik, R. I. Eiche, G. G. Iagoda, I. E. Iakir, I. A. Iakovlew, F. P. Griadinsky, G. N. Kaminsky, I. S. Unschlicht, A. S. Boulin, M. I. Kalmanowitz, D. S. Beika, Zifrinovitch, Tratchter, Bitner, G. Kaner, Leo Krichman, A. K. Lepa, S. A. Lozovsky, B. P. Pozern, T. D. Deribass, K. K. Strievsky, N. N. Popow, S. Schwartz, E. I. Veger, I. Z. Mechlis, A. I. Ougarow, G. I. Blagonravow, A. P. Rosengolz, A. P. Serebrovsky, A. M. Steingart, L P. Pavlounov- sky, G. I. Sokolnikow, C. I. Broido, V. I. Polonsky, G. D. Vein- berg, M. M. Kaganowitz. The Bolshevik Commissar for Foreign Affairs is the Jew Lit­ vinoff of the many aliases, former passer of stolen banknotes, and lately President of the Council of the League of Nations. A de­ tailed list of the Staff under him, as printed in Das Berner Fehlurteil by Stephen Dasz, doctor of law, Budapest (U. Bodung Verlag, Erfurt, 1935), shows it as almost entirely Jewish, both in respect of t
  2. The Bolshevik Commissar for Foreign Affairs is the Jew Lit­
    vinoff of the many aliases, former passer of stolen banknotes, and
    lately President of the Council of the League of Nations. A de­
    tailed list of the Staff under him, as printed in Das Berner
    Fehlurteil by Stephen Dasz, doctor of law, Budapest (U. Bodung
    Verlag, Erfurt, 1935), shows it as almost entirely Jewish, both in
    respect of the principal and minor offices. The same applies to
    the Bolshevik Diplomatic Corps abroad. The following list of
    Bolshevik Ambassadors and Ministers Plenipotentiary in different
    countries is compiled from various publications issued in 1935 and
    1936. It may not be quite up-to-date, but is nearly so:
    1
    Cf. Foreword.
    32
    Bolshevik Ambassadors, 1935-1936
    Country Ambassador or Minister Race
    GREAT BRITAIN .MAISKY (alias Steinman) few
    GERMANY . .SURITZ Jew
    FRANCE POTEMKINE (Staff Jewish) Russian
    ITALY STEIN .. Jew
    UNITED STATES TROYANSKI Russian
    (married to a Jewess)
    JAPAN .YURENEFF Jew
    JAPAN
    (alias Goffman)
    TURKEY .KARAKHAIN Je?v*
    BELGIUM . . . ROUBININE Jew
    NORWAY … YAKOUBOWITZ Jew
    SWEDEN .. MADAME KALLONTAI .Jewess
    1
    ROUMANIA OSTROVSKY .Jew
    GREECE KOBETZKI (Staff Jewish) . Russian
    LATVIA BRODOVSKI Jew
    LITHUANIA KARSKI (alias Bejmann) Jew
    FINLAND ASMOUS Jew
    SWITZERLAND DR. BAGOZKI Jew
    (unofficial)
    URUGUAY (expelled) MINKINE Jew
    “League of Nations Delegation: Litvinoff (Jew), Rosenberg
    (Jew), Stein (Jew), Markus (Jew), Brenners (Jew), Hirschfeld
    (Jew), Halphand (Jew), Swanidze (Georgian).
    “The reader may wonder why newspapers never mention that
    Bolshevism is simply a Jewish conquest of Russia. The expla­
    nation is that the international news agencies on which papers rely
    for foreign news are controlled by Jews.”
    “The Jew, Jagoda, is head of the G.P.U. (the former Cheka),
    now called ‘The People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs.’ The
    1
    Cf. Foreword.
    33
    life, death or imprisonment of Russian citizens is in the hands of
    this Jew, and his spies are everywhere. According to the anti-
    Comintern bulletin (15/4/’35) Jagoda’s organisation between
    1929 and 1934 drove between five and six million Russian peasants
    from their homes.
    “(The Government of France now (July, 1936) has as Prime
    Minister, the Jewish Socialist, Leon Blum. According to the
    French journal Candide, M. Blum has substantial intersests in
    Weiler’s Jupiter aero-engine works in France, and his son, Robert
    Blum, is manager of a branch Weiler works in Russia, making
    Jupiter aero-engines for the Russian Government.)”
    1
    The Soviet Board of Censors in 1935
    From the evidence of Mr. Gerard Shelley, to be found in The
    Cause of World Unrest (1920), pp. 136, 137, we learn that when
    Russian revolutionaries began to complain that the Bolsheviks
    were working for Judaism, they were wiped out with machine-
    guns. The Russian Anarchists took a number of buildings for
    teaching and lectures. The well-known Anarchist, Lev Cherny,
    gave a series of lectures at which Mr. Shelley assisted, in Moscow
    in April, 1918. The lecturer pointed out that “Marxism, on which
    Bolshevism is founded, really did not express the political side of
    the Russian character and that the Bolsheviks were not sincere
    Soscialists or Communists, but Jews, working for the ulterior mo­
    tives of Judaism. Lev Cherny divided these Jews into three main
    classes—firstly, financial Jews, who dabbled in muddy interna­
    tional waters; secondly, Zionists, whose aims are, of course, well
    known; and, thirdly, the Bolsheviks, including the Jewish Bund.
    The creed of these Bolsheviks, according to the lecturer, is briefly,
    that the proletariat of all countries are nothing but gelatinous
    masses, which, if the Intelligent were destroyed in each country,
    would leave these masses at the mercy of the Jews.” Now comes
    the extraordinary sequel. On the very night on which this last
    lecture was delivered the Bolsheviks attacked, with cannon, cavalry
    and machine guns, all the Anarchist headquarters, both in Moscow
    1
    (A. N. Field’s book. All These Things, from which I have quoted, can
    be obtained from The Director, M.C.P., 93 Chancery Lane, London,
    W.G2.)
    34
    and Petrograd, and murdered all Hie men they could find, Lev
    Cherny, however, escaping.
    The Jewish Rulers of Russia, then, did not allow Russian revo­
    lutionaries to exist in 1918. They took care, at least up to 1935,
    not to allow any ideas to be disseminated either in the country or
    outside the country, except the ones they wanted. In 1935, eighteen
    years after “the liberation of the Russian people,” the Censorship
    Department in Moscow was entirely staffed by Jews. There was
    in that year not a single non-Jew to be found in it. Yet, surely a
    few Russians could learn to speak and write Russian and other
    languages at least as well as Jews. The fact is the real Rulers of
    Russia are not Russians but Jews. Where can the proof of my
    statement be found ? It is to be found in the book entitled Insanity
    Fair, in which Mr. Douglas Reed, who visited Russia at the same
    time as Mr. Anthony Eden, as the representative of an English
    paper, describes his experiences there. In view of the official state­
    ments issued from Moscow, his account of the composition of the
    Soviet Censorship Department is of special interest. Mr. Reed’s
    book only came into my hands some months after the publication
    of the first edition of this pamphlet. I understand that the visit to
    Russia took place in March-April, 1935. The following extracts
    are taken from pages 194, 195, 199, 200:—
    “The two great British institutions represented by Eden and
    myself had never sent a representative to Soviet Russia until now.
    . . British statesmen had never gone to Moscow. My paper had
    never sent a correspondent to Moscow because of the Soviet cen­
    sorship.
    “Thus our two visits were both great events, each in its own
    sphere. The Soviet Government had repeatedly complained about
    Russian news being published from Riga and asked why a corre­
    spondent was not sent to Moscow to see for himself, and the an­
    swer was always Censorship. So my arrival was in the nature of a
    prospecting tour. Before I had been there five minutes the Soviet
    Government started quarrelling with me about the most trivial
    thing. For I wrote that Eden had passed through streets lined
    with ‘drab and silent crowds/ I think that was the expression, and
    a little Jewish censor came along, and said these words must come
    out
    35
    W
    I asked him if he wanted me to write that the streets were filled
    with top-hatted bourgeoisie, but he was adamant. Such is the in­
    tellectual level of the censors. The censorship department, and that
    means the whole machine for controlling the home and muzzling
    the foreign Press, was entirely staffed by Jews, and this was a
    thing that puzzled me more than anything else in Moscow. There
    seemed not to be a single non-Jewish official in the whole outfit,
    and they were just the same Jews as you met in New York, Berlin,
    Vienna and Prague—well-manicured, well-fed, dressed with a
    touch of the dandy. I was told that the proportion of Jews in the
    Government was small, but in this one department that I got to
    know intimately they seemed to have a monopoly, and I asked my­
    self, where were the Russians ? The answer seemed to be that they
    were in the drab, silent crowds which I had seen but which must
    not be heard of. . . . I broke away for an hour or two from
    Central Moscow and the beaten tourist tracks and went looking for
    the real Moscow. I found it. Streets long out of repair, tumble­
    down houses, ill-clad people with expressionless faces. The price
    of this stupendous revolution; in material things they were even
    poorer than before. A market where things were bought and sold,
    that in prosperous bourgeois countries you would have hardly
    bothered to throw away; dirty chunks of some fatty, grey-white
    substance that I could not identify, but which was apparently
    held to be edible, half a pair of old boots, a few cheap ties and
    braces. . . •
    “And then, looking further afield, I saw the universal sign of the
    terrorist State, whether its name be Germany, Russia, or what-not
    Barbed wired palisades, corner towers with machine guns and sen­
    tries. Within, nameless men, lost to the world, imprisoned without
    trial by the secret police. The concentration camps, the political
    prisoners. In Germany, the concentration camps held tens of
    thousands, in this country, hundreds of thousands. . . .
    “The next thing. . . . I was sitting in the Moscow State Opera.
    Eden, very Balliol and very well groomed, was in the ex-Imperial
    box. The band played ‘God Save the King/ and the house was
    packed full with men and women, boys and girls, who judged by
    western standards, I put down as members of the proletariat, but
    no, I was told, the proletariat isn’t so lucky, these were the mem­
    bers of the privileged class which the Proletarian State is throwing
    up, higher officials, engineers and experts.”
    36
    What are the forces that were capable of securing that, up to
    1935, only Jews would be officially charged with telling the unfor­
    tunate Russians what they were to think ? How many in Europe,
    or in the United States, knew that in 1935 there was not a single
    non-Jew in the Censorship Department of “Moscow”? How many
    know whether there has been any change since? If the whole
    Department for “controlling the home and muzzling the foreign
    Press” is manned by Jews, can we rely on the statements coming
    to us from U.S.S.R. about the people in key-positions, for ex­
    ample, or about Stalin ? No wonder that we read in the French
    newspaper, Le Matin, of 25th May, 1939, a statement to the effect
    that M. Pierre Laval, the French Minister, is supposed to have
    said to his colleagues in the French Cabinet, after his return from
    Moscow in 1935: “Have I really seen Stalin ? I am not sure about
    it Perhaps they showed me someone else.”
    (6) The Rulers of Russia in 1937
    In the July issue of the splendid Review, Ccntre-RSvolution,
    edited at Geneva by Leon de Poncins, there is an excellent article
    on the subject by A. Stolypine. Mr. Stolypine is a son of the for­
    mer Russian Minister who was assassinated in September, 1911,
    by the Jew, Mardko BagrofF. From this article the following
    extracts are taken :
    “Many Jewish leaders of the early days of the revolution have
    been done to death during the Trotsky trials, others are in prison.
    Trotsky-Bronstein is in exile. Jankel Gamarnik, the Jewish head
    of the political section of the army administration, is dead. An­
    other ferocious Jew, Jagoda (Guerchol Yakouda), who was for a
    long time head of the G.P.U., is now in prison. The Jewish gen­
    eral, Jakir, is dead, and along with him a number of others
    sacrificed by those of his race. And if we are to judge by the
    fragmentary and sometimes even contradictory lists which reach
    us from the Soviet Union, Russians have taken the places of cer­
    tain Tews on the highest rungs of the Soviet official ladder. Can
    we draw from this the conclusion that Stalin’s government has
    shaken itself free of Jewish control and has become a National
    Government? Certainly no opinion could be more erroneous or
    more dangerous than that.
    “. . . The Jews are yielding ground at some points and are sac­
    rificing certain lives, in the hope that by clever arrangements they
    37
    may succeed in saving their threatened power. They still have in
    their hands the principal levers of control. The day they will be
    obliged to give them up the Marxist edifice will collapse like a
    house of cards.
    “To prove that, though Jewish domination is gravely compro­
    mised, the Jews are still in control, we have only to take the list of
    the highly placed officials of the Red State. The two brothers-in-
    law of Stalin, Lazarus and Moses Kaganovitch, are ministers of
    Transport and of Industry, respectively; Litvinoff (Wallach-
    Meyer-Finkelstein) still directs the foreign policy of the Soviet
    Union. . . . The post of ambassador at Paris is entrusted to the
    Jew, Louritz, in place of the Russian, Potemkine, who has been
    recalled to Moscow. If the ambassador of the U.S.S.R. in Lon­
    don, the Jew Maiski, seems to have fallen into disgrace, it is his
    fellow-Jew, Samuel Kagan, who represents U.S.S.R. on the
    London Non-intervention Committee. A Jew named Yureneff
    (Gofmann) is the ambassador of the U.S.S.R. at Berlin. . . .
    Since the beginning of the discontent in the Red Army the guard
    of the Kremlin and the responsibility for Stalin’s personal safety
    is confided to the Jewish colonel, Jacob Rapaport.
    “All the internment camps, with their population of seven mil­
    lion Russians, are in charge of the Jew, Mendel Kermann, aided
    by the Jews, Lazarus Kagan and Semen-Firkin. All the prisons
    of the country, filled with working-men and peasants, are governed
    by the Jew, Kairn Apeter. The News-Agency and the whole Press
    of the country are controlled by the Jews. . . . The clever system
    of double control, organised by the late Jankel Gamarnik, head of
    the political staff of the army, is still functioning, so far as we can
    discover. I have before me the list of these highly placed Jews,
    more powerful than the Bluchers and the EgonofTs, to whom the
    European Press so often alludes. Thus the Jew, Aronchtam,
    whose name is never mentioned, is the Political Commissar of the
    Army in the Far East: the Jew, Rabinovitch, is the Political
    Commissar of the Baltic Fleet, etc.
    “All this goes to prove that Stalin’s government, in spite of all
    its attempts at camouflage, has never been, and will never be, a
    national government. Israel will always be the controlling power
    and driving force behind it. Those who do not see that the Soviet
    Union is not Russian must be blind.”
    38
    Mr. Stolypine also affirms that “Anti-Semitism in the Soviet
    Union is entering on the initial stage of an organised struggle, and
    is beginning the battle for power, I can confirm this, if needs be,
    by many testimonies from the Muscovite Press.” Still, notwith­
    standing Mr. Stolypine’s testimony that a new generation is arising
    in Russia which is beginning to see that they and their country are
    only pawns in the hands of the Jews, we must not leave out of ac­
    count the indications to the contrary.
    First of all, Communist propaganda in every country shows few
    signs of division or weakening, in spite of the trials and massacres
    of revolutionaries by their fellow-revolutionaries. That would
    seem to indicate that there must be the same tenacious driving
    force behind the figureheads all the time. A rising tide of Anti-
    Semitism should normally have the effect of weakening external
    action, by obliging the leaders to defend themselves at home. Sec­
    ondly, according to the pamphlet on Trotsky by a former Russian
    Commissar, Trotsky and Stalin, though hating each other, are both
    being employed in their appointed roles. Trotsky “has been ex­
    cluded from the executive board which is to put over the New
    Deal concocted for Soviet Russia and the Communist Third In­
    ternational. He has been given another, but not less important,
    duty of directing the Fourth International, and gradually taking
    over such functions of Communistic Bolshevism as are becoming
    incompatible with Soviet and ‘Popular Front’ policies. . . . What­
    ever bloodshed may take place in the future will not be provoked
    by the Soviet Union, or directly by the Third International, but by
    Trotsky’s Fourth International, and by Trotskyism. Thus, in his
    new rfile, Trotsky is again leading the vanguard of world revolu­
    tion, supervising and organising the bloody stages of it. He is
    past-master in this profession, in which he is not easily replaced.
    . . . Mexico has become the headquarters for Bolshevik activities
    in South American countries—all of which have broken off rela­
    tions with the Soviet Union. Stalin must re-establish these rela­
    tions and a Fourth International co-operating with groups of
    Trotsky-Communists will give Stalin an excellent chance to vindi­
    cate Soviet Russia and official Communism. Any violent disorders
    and bloodshed which Jewish internationalists decide to provoke
    will not be traced back to Moscow, but to Trotsky-Bronstein, who
    is now resident in Mexico, in the mansion of his millionaire friend,
    Muralist Diego Rivera.” (Trotsky, by a former Russian Com­
    missar, Defender Publishers, Wichita, Kansas, U.S.A.). These
    39
    remarks are certainly worthy of serious consideration. They
    give a possible explanation of the elaborately staged trials of
    the Trotskyists.
    Thirdly, though the Jew Feuchtwanger’s book, Moscow, 1937,
    published by Gollancz, is obviously an attempt to undo the effect of
    Andre Gide’s home-truths about life in the Soviet Union, yet his
    testimony about the Jews is worth quoting. According to Feucht-
    wanger, the Jews are fanatically devoted to the regime, and feel
    completely in harmony with the new State. Evidently they still
    feel confident of being able to maintain their ruling position, and
    want to remove the impression that there is any reason for anxiety.
    Mr, Stolypine might, however, reply that the insistence upon the
    absence of anti-Semitism is just propaganda, like the rest of the
    book.
    An article in Contre-RSvolution of December, 1937, by J. Fon-
    tenoy, on Anti-Semitism in Russia, contains the following: “On
    my arrival in U.S.S.R. in 1934, I remember that I was struck by
    the enormous proportion of Jewish functionaries everywhere. In
    the Press, and diplomatic circles, it was difficult to find non-Jews.
    . . . In France many believe, even amongst the Communists, that,
    thanks to the present anti-Jewish purge . . Russia is no longer
    Israel’s chosen land. . . . Those who think that are making a
    mistake.” This writer, when speaking of an incident at the Polish
    frontier, alludes, in passing, to one of the ways in which Jewish
    domination has so far been maintained. This is the system of
    Political Commissars controlling the military commanders. Every
    military unit has its Political Commissar to whom the military
    commander must submit all plans in advance. In practically every
    one the Political Commissar is (or was) a Jew. In the pamphlet
    on Trotsky (Defender Publishers, Wichita, Kansas), by a former
    Russian Commissar, there is a good outline of the working of
    the system.
    Former Russian Diplomat on “Moscow” in 1938
    M. Butenko, the Soviet Charge d*Affaires at Bucharest, who fled
    to Italy when his recall to Russia was announced, has written an
    article on Russia for the Giornale d’Italia of February 17th. As I
    received the March, 1938, issue of the Free Press (London) con­
    taining a translation of the article, just as I was correcting the
    40
    proof of this pamphlet, I thought it well to quote some of the
    article as a testimony to the accuracy of the statements contained
    in the pamphlet. M. Butenko, amongst other things says:
    “The Bolsheviks had promised to give the workers the indus­
    tries, mines, etc., and to make them ‘masters of the country.’ In
    reality, never has the working class suffered such privations as
    those brought about by the so-called epoch of ‘socialisation.’ In
    place of the former capitalists a new ‘bourgeoisie’ has been
    formed, composed of 100 per cent. Jews. Only an insignificant
    number of former Jewish capitalists left Russia after the storm of
    the Revolution. All the other Jews residing in Russia enjoy the
    special protection of Stalin’s most intimate adviser—the Jew,
    Lazare Kaganovitch. All the big industries and factories, war
    products, railways, big and small trading, are virtually and effec­
    tively in the hands of Jews, while the working class figures only
    in the abstract as the ‘patroness of economy/
    “The wives and families of Jews possess luxurious cars and
    country houses, spend the summer in the best climatic or bathing
    resorts in the Crimea and Caucasus, are dressed in costly Astra­
    khan coats; they wear jewels, gold bracelets and rings, send to
    Paris for their clothes and articles of luxury. Meanwhile the
    labourer, deluded by the revolution, drags on a famished exist­
    ence. . . . The Bolsheviks had promised the peoples of old Russia
    full liberty and autonomy. . . . I confine myself to the example
    of the Ukraine. The entire administration, the important posts
    controlling works in the region, are in the hands of Jews or of
    men faithfully devoted to Stalin, commissioned expressly from
    Moscow. The inhabitants of this land once fertile and flourishing
    suffer from almost permanent famine.”
    M. Butenko has since written in Italian an account of life in the
    Soviet Union entitled Rivelazioni su Mosca. He mentions the
    fulsome epithets such as “Light and Delight of the Workers” and
    ”Mighty Leader of Peoples,” applied to Stalin, by Jews masquer­
    ading as journalists.
    APPENDIX I
    An Outline of LitvinofPs Career
    “In December, 1917, after the Bolshevist Government had come
    into power, Lenin and Trotsky chose Rothstein for the post of
    41
    Bolshevist Ambassador to Great Britain, but finally decided on
    Litvinov, because, as Radek observed: ‘Rothstein is occupying a
    confidential post in one of the British Government Departments,
    where he can be of greater use to us than in the capacity of semi­
    official representative of the Soviet Government.’
    1
    “Meyer Genoch Moisevitch Wallach, alias Litvinov, sometimes
    known as Maxim Litvinov or Maximovitch, who had at various
    times adopted the other revolutionary aliases of Gustave Graf,
    Finkelstein, Buchmann and Harrison, was a Jew of the artisan
    class, born in 1876. His revolutionary career dated from 1901,
    after which date he was continuously under the supervision of the
    police and arrested on several occasions. It was in 1906, when he
    was engaged in smuggling arms into Russia, that he lived in St.
    Petersburg under the name of Gustave Graf. In 1908 he was
    arrested in Paris in connection with the robbery of 250,000 roubles
    of Government money in Tiflis in the preceding year. He was,
    however, merely deported from France.
    “During the early days of the War, Litvinov, for some unex­
    plained reason, was admitted to England ‘as a sort of irregular
    Russian representative,”
    2
    and was later reported to be in touch
    with various German agents, and also to be actively employed in
    checking recruiting amongst the Jews of the East End, and to be
    concerned in the circulation of seditious literature brought to him
    by a Jewish emissary from Moscow named Holtzmann. Litvinov
    had as a secretary another Jew named Joseph Fineberg, a member
    of the I.L.P., B.S.P. and I.W.W. (Industrial Workers of the
    World), who saw to the distribution of his propaganda leaflets and
    articles. At the Leeds conference of June 3rd, 1917, referred to in
    the foregoing chapter, Litvinov was represented by Fineberg. In
    December of the same year, just after the Bolshevist Government
    came into power, Litvinov applied for a permit to Russia, and was
    granted a special ‘No Return Permit/ He was back again, how­
    ever, a month later, and this time as ‘Bolshevist Ambassador’ to
    Great Britain. But his intrigues were so desperate that he was
    finally turned out of the country.” (The Surrender of an Em­
    pire, by Mrs. Webster, pp. 89-90.)
    1
    Evidence of a Russian to whom this statement was made. Patriot,
    November 15th, 1923.
    2
    Lord Curzon, in House of Lords, March 26th, 1924.
    42
    APPENDIX II
    The Rulers of Russia are Jewish Politicians in a Messianic Era
    We know what the immediate post-war period was. Russia in
    the hands of the Jews, was the centre of direction of the revolu­
    tionary movements which shook Europe to its foundations. Hun­
    gary came under the power of Bela Kun, Germany nearly suc­
    cumbed. Poland, Switzerland and Italy were just saved. The
    Socialists, under the Jew, Bauer, triumphed at Vienna. Yet in a
    work entitled “The Jews,” published by the Jews of Paris in 1933,
    to protest against the “anti-Semitism” of Hitler, we read:
    “In spite of the frightful pogroms which took place, first in
    Poland and then in unprecedented fashion in the Ukraine, and
    which cost the lives of thousands 01 Jews, the Jewish people con­
    sidered the post-war period as a messianic era. Israel, during
    those years, 1919-1920, rejoiced in Eastern and Southern Europe,
    in Northern and Southern Africa, and above all in America.”
    The same work, on page 71, under the heading, “Jewish Poli­
    ticians of the Post-War Period,” shows side by side the photos of
    Trotsky, Litvinov, Lord Reading (Rufus Isaacs) and Bernard
    B^ruch, the International Banker, who is said to be the Financial
    Adviser of President Roosevelt.
    The Rulers of Russia, then, are Jewish Politicians, and they are
    applying to the world the doctrine of Karl Marx (Mardochai).
    Marx, according to the Jewish writer, Bernard Lazare, was “a
    clear and lucid Talmudist. . . . full of that old Hebrew material­
    ism which ever dreams of a paradise on earth and always rejects
    the hope held out of the chance of a Garden of Eden after Death.”
    1
    APPENDIX III
    Reply to Some Criticisms
    Mr. Frank Newby, in the course of a lengthy review in The
    Catholic Worker of July, 1938, applied the epithet “mischievous”
    to the first edition of this pamphlet and added that he did not think
    that it could serve any useful purpose but would simply be provo­
    cative of anti-Semitism.
    1
    L’Antisemitisme, p. 346.
    43
    Such language is certainly strong, and I am afraid that its
    vigour is in part due to Mr. Newby’s superficial knowledge of the
    question under discussion.
    What the Pamphlet sets out to prove
    First of all, the pamphlet treats of only one point out of the
    many discussed in the book, The Mystical Body of Christ in the
    Modern World, to which it refers. The pamphlet proves that
    Bolshevism is an instrument in the hands of the Jews. The book
    shows Bolshevism in its proper perspective, namely, as the most
    recent development in the age-long struggle waged by the Jewish
    Nation against the Supernatural Messias, our Lord Jesus Christ,
    and His Mystical Body, the Catholic Church. Our Lord Jesus
    Christ is at one and the same time the Second Person of the
    Blessed Trinity and a Jew of the house of David. He spoke to
    the Jews of a higher life to be obtained by incorporation into His
    Mystical Body. The Jews set up racial descent from Abraham, in
    opposition to spiritual descent from Abraham by faith in the Su­
    pernatural Messias, and refused to subject their national life to the
    Mystical Body of Christ. They thus put their race and nation in
    the place of God, deified them in fact. They then rejected the
    Supernatural Messias and elaborated a programme of preparation
    for the Natural Messias to come. The Natural Messias can have
    but one object, the imposition of Jewish national supremacy. There
    is no alternative.
    On the one hand, Catholics hold that the highest life of the world
    is the participation by grace in the life of the Blessed Trinity to be
    attained through membership of Christ’s Mystical Body. All na­
    tions are called to enter into that Body and are required to sub­
    ordinate their national life to the development of the supernatural
    life of the members of the Mystical Body. Catholics are bound to
    work for the Kingship of Christ, that is, for an organisation of
    society that will favour the living of life as members of Christ by
    all. All are bound to live as members of Christ always, as the
    hand is always subject to the head in the physical body.
    On the other hand, the Jewish Nation, by its rejection of Christ’s
    message, asserted that its national life was the highest life in the
    world and proclaimed that the supreme test of the value of a course
    of action was its relation to that national life. “But one of them,
    44
    named Caiphas, being the high priest that year, said to them: You
    know nothing. Neither do you consider that it is expedient for
    you that one should die for the people, and that the whole nation
    perish not.” (St. John xi, 49-50). Their rejection of the Super­
    natural Messias is just as vigorous to-day as at any time since
    Calvary. The world, in their opinion, must, therefore, be recast
    in the mould of Jewish national life. This will be the work of the
    future Natural Messias, and it cannot but mean the complete un­
    doing of the Catholic organisation of society.
    The Forces of Naturalism
    The Jewish Nation thus gradually became the most strongly
    organised VISIBLE force working for the elimination of the super­
    natural outlook in society and the installation of Naturalism. Let
    me explain. The supernatural outlook holds that we are a race
    whose highest life, the Divine Life of Grace, by which the Blessed
    Trinity dwells in our souls, was lost by the fall of Adam but re­
    stored through our Lord Jesus Christ, True God and True Man.
    Naturalism denies the existence of any life higher than natural
    life, and maintains that social relations should be organised on
    that basis. Catholic Europe, however imperfectly, once had the
    supernatural outlook, and we are urged by the Holy Father in the
    Encyclical, Quas Primas, to work for the return of society to our
    loving Saviour. To do that, we have to combat the Naturalism of
    the Jewish Nation which is opposed to all that is enshrined for us
    in the Kingship of Christ. Besides the Jewish Nation, there are
    other forces, both INVISIBLE and VISIBLE, working for the reign
    of Naturalism, the invisible ones, Satan and his fellow-demons,
    using the visible. Next to the Jewish Nation, the strongest VISIBLE
    force working for Naturalism is Freemasonry. The ultimate aim
    is always the suppression of the Mass, the expression of humble
    submission of the Mystical Body. The way is prepared therefor
    by an organisation of society such that from the moment they
    leave the church after Mass Christians find themselves a prey to
    incentives to renounce their allegiance to Christ the King, Head of
    the Mystical Body. Social organisation is meant to aid Christians
    to bring unity into their lives, instead of opposing obstacles to
    them in the struggle. Let us take one point. “By the fact,” writes
    Pope Pius VII in the letter, Post tarn diuturnas (1814), “that the
    freedom of all forms of worship is proclaimed, truth is confused
    45
    with error, and the holy and immaculate Spouse of Christ, outside
    of which there can be no salvation, is placed

  3. Let us take one point. “By the fact,” writes Pope Pius VII in the letter, Post tarn diuturnas (1814), “that the freedom of all forms of worship is proclaimed, truth is confused 45 with error, and the holy and immaculate Spouse of Christ, outside of which there can be no salvation, is placed on the same level as heretical sects and even as Jewish perfidy.” Pope Pius XI insists Upon the same point in the letter, Quas Pirmas, on the Kingship of Christ. There the Sovereign Pontiff shows that the naturalistic spirit has gradually come to infect society, because “by degrees the religion of Christ was put on the same level as false religions and placed ignominiously in the same category with them.” The insult to God involved in that attitude should make every Cath­ olic’s blood boil with indignation. That it does not is a proof of how low we have fallen and how sadly we have been influenced by our environment. All these are plain, simple, elementary truths, upon which the book, The Mystical Body of Christ in the Modern World, insists, but which were taken for granted in this pamphlet. Furthermore, the opposition of the Jewish nation to God be­ come Man—God does know what is best for the world and He loves us as no other can—has had and is having disastrous effects on the world and on the Jews themselves. These disastrous effects are morally inevitable, given the persistent rejection of order. 1 “Opposition to the order God has established in the world leads inevitably to decay in belief in God among the Jews, and to cor­ ruption both in regard to the correct attitude towards their fellow human beings and in regard to the means to be employed to get Other nations to accept the messianic message. It is morally inevi­ table that nations which resist God and oppose the supernatural order of the world should suffer decay in the process. The ex­ cesses of the Bolshevik revolution thus find their explanation. We are, however, dealing with a moral law in the wide sense. God is 1 “Writing of the ceremonies and rites of the Old Law, such as circum­ cision and the worship of the Synagogue, St. Thomas says: ‘In like manner, the ceremonies of the Old Law prefigured Christ as having yet to be born and to suffer; whereas our Sacraments signify Him as already born and having suffered. Consequently, just as it would be a mortal sin now for anyone, in making a profession of faith, to say that Christ is yet to be born, which the fathers of old said devoutly and truthfully; so too, it would be a mortal sin now to observe those ceremonies which the fathers of old ac­ complished with devotion and fidelity. Such is the teaching of St. Augustine/ (jla. Hae, Q. 103, a. 4. ) Objectively, therefore, the Jews as a nation put themselves against the ordered return of humanity to God which can only be through Our Lord Jesus Christ.” (The Mystical Body of Christ in the Modern World, p. 263.) 46 merciful and the Sacred Heart of Jesus loves the members of His own race with a special love. We cannot draw conclusions from such a law to all the individual members of the nation. . . . There are Jews in whom may be seen excellent qualities, and the super­ natural life is poured out upon all by Our Lord, even upon those who reject Him. All Jews, however, in proportion as they are one with the leaders and rulers of their race, will oppose the influence of the supernatural Life of Grace in society and will be an active ferment of Naturalism.”! Jews like J. Weill in La Foi d’Israel, who speak of Christianity as “a form of messianism originally very Jewish but very strongly coloured and modified by mystical and mythical elements derived from paganism,” say that the mis­ sion of Israel amongst the nations has for “its final ideal and the consummation of its destiny the setting up of a society of peoples reconciled together and morally united in a spirit of definitive peace, of social justice and of fraternal solidarity.” Since there is only one world and one Divine Plan for order this can only mean that the Jewish Nation by its NATURAL vigour and power will mould the nations into unity, in opposition to the Divine Plan. The result is an inevitable increase of disorder in the Jewish Nation and in the world. Do we not see this in practice? In his book, Integrates ludentum (Integral Judaism), the Jewish writer, Alfred Nossig, who in 1926 was secretary of a league for international concord, says: “The modern socialist movement is chiefly the work of Jews. . . . It is true that the Jewish socialist leaders were, for the most part, far removed from Judaism. Nevertheless the r61e they played in the movement does not come from themselves alone. The Mosaic principles have acted upon them unconsciously. The blood of the ancient mis­ sionary people has shown itself in their intellectual outlook and in their social attitude. The present world-wide Socialist Movement forms the first stage in the fulfilment of the Mosaic plan; it is the beginning of the realisation of the future state of the world an­ nounced by our prophets. . . . Hence all Jewish groups, whether they be Zionists or partisans of the Dispersion, have a vital in­ terest in the triumph of Socialism. They ought to long for it, not only as a matter of principle because of its identity with the Mo- *The Mystical Body of Christ in the Modem World (Second Edition), pp. 267, 261 47 saic plan, but as a tactical weapon* * • . Already the dawn of our day lights up the horizon,” 1 The inauguration of the Hungarian section of the naturalistic Messianic Kingdom is treated of in Dr. Hans Eisele’s book, Bilder aus dem Kommunistischen Ungarn, published in 1920. From it we learn that handbills were distributed amongst the Jews in Buda- Pesth, during the Judaeo-Masonico-Communist revolution of 1919 in Hungary, containing the following appeal: “People of Israeli with the help of our mighty ally we have fought for the revolution and we have won through. If now we all hold together and if we do not consider ourselves as Hungarian Jews, but with the tenacity of our race defend the conquered positions which will be attacked in vain, we can set up Judaea. Make every effort to have the public positions occupied by our co-religionists. Do not translate your names into Magyar. Woe to those who will get themselves baptized! Jehovah is with us. Our centuries of exile are at an end! We shall have a new homeland between the Danube and the Theiss. Support the secret societies, for these assure to every faithful follower of Jehovah a suitable place in the new state. Szamuely will protect us.” Mr. Newby says that “he has never seen any evidence of a policy of world domination for the attainment of the Messianic king­ dom.” The above texts may enlighten him. If they do not, there are others. In addition, he can consult The Mystical Body of Christ in the Modern World for evidence about the Messianism of Karl Marx. 2 He will also find on page 93 of the same work a reference to a sketch of Lenin’s career showing that he was at the same time a paid agent of the Russian secret police and of Jewish financiers engaged in furthering the Marxist conspiracy. Does Mr. Newby think that it was by accident that Bela Kun (Cohen) ap­ peared in Hungary and seventeen years later in Barcelona? 1 Quoted by Leon de Poncins in La Mysterieuse Internationale juh/e, p. 74. 2 A point that is not there touched upon is the resemblance between the Marxian system and the Jewish Kabbala. If we except one point which, in the case of Marx, may well be ascribed to the influence of Hegel, the rest is strikingly similar. Be it remarked in passing that Freudian psychoanalysis is also in great part the Jewish Kabbala. 48 Are the Jews persecuted in Russia? Mr. Newby says that “there is a formidable list of murdered rabbis and closed synagogues in the Soviet Union.” On this point I beg to submit the following observations. In The Mystical Body of Christ in the Modern World, pp. 294 and 295, there is a long quotation from an article by a distin­ guished Jew, Mr. Norman Bentwich, O.B.E., M.C., in the B’nai B’rith Magazine. In that article, he answers No to the question: “Is Judaism doomed in Soviet Russia?” He says that “the Com­ munist Party, which controls the Soviet Government, is opposed to Judaism as to any other established religion: ‘or its dominant creed is a militant atheism. Yet it has to be recognised that the attack on the old Jewish worship and learning, the demand for the closing of synagogues and schools and yeshivas comes principally from the younger generation of Jews. The Jewish Communist youth in large part have revolted against the old order. . . . The question arises whether Judaism will survive in this hostile atmos­ phere, without the religious hold and without the national ideal, reduced to a matter of national or racial pride and feeling. . . . The spiritual motive of the revolution goes back to the principles of Socialism in the teaching of the Hebrew prophets, even though the Communist denies the rock from which he is hewn and knows not the hole from which he is dug. The revolution of this gener­ ation against the old creeds and its devotion to’ a materialistic theory of work will not be a permanent belief. It is contrary alike to the Russian and the Jewish nature and to the outlook of science in our day.” Again, the January, 1934, issue of the American Jewish journal, Opinion, styled “A Journal of Jewish Life and Letters” had an article stating: “There is no doubt that the old, traditional Jewish synagogue is rapidly dying out in Russia. It is dying not because of Communist persecution, as many would like to believe, or any other outside influence, but simply because of a natural law of life. The youth has deserted it. Go over to the Jewish Communist Club on Tverskaya Street and you will find plenty of them.”* 1 Quoted from Wolves in Sheep’s Clothing, by George E. Sullivan, 49 Again, in The Jewish Chronicle Supplement, February 26th, 1937, page 3, we read: “It is a known fact that in Russia, in so far as there was persecution of the Jewish religion, it never came from the higher staff authorities but always from the Jewish Commun­ ists, who were, in most cases, sons of strictly religious fathers. . . .” This text and others of a like nature are quoted in the Free Press (London) of October, 1938. Of course, some Russian Jews did not understand the plans of the leaders of world-Jewry and resisted at the outset. They did not see why their interests were being sacrificed. They quickly accepted the new orientation, however, and the sympathy of Jews everywhere for Communism in Russia and Spain is remarkable. Finally, I beg to draw special attention to Mr. Reed’s statement about the composition of the Censorship Department of the Soviet Government. Since “the whole machine for controlling the home and muzzling the foreign press is entirely staffed by Jews,” Mr. Newby ought to know that he must control his information. Has he done so? “Democracy” versus “Fascism* As we have seen, the final end of a State or Nation is the de­ velopment of national life in such wise as not only not to hinder but to favour the Supernatural Life of the members of the Mys­ tical Body of Christ. The movement known as the Protestant Reformation may be described as an attempt on the part of some countries to hold on to Christ, while rejecting the order established by Christ for the communication of the Divine Life of Grace to men. It broke the unity of European subjection to the supra­ national, supernatural Church of Christ. It did not, however, install a naturalistic international organisation in the place of the Catholic Church. That was reserved for the French Revolution of 1789. The French Revolution was the inauguration of the domi­ nation of the world by Masonic Naturalism. As time went on State after State denied that it had any duty to acknowledge the Divine Plan revealed by Our Lord Jesus Christ, in other words, refused to organise its social life so as to enable a member of Christ to live in harmony with the submission expressed to the Blessed Trinity at Mass. Instead it aimed at organising its social life under the influence of Masonic Naturalism. Behind Masonry, however, the other naturalistic force of the once chosen people 50 loomed up and, little by little, sought to prepare the way for its future anti-supernatural Messias. The Jews everywhere made use of Freemasonry to secure the right of becoming citizens of the once Christian States. We see the Masons, Mirabeau, Gregoire, etc., working for this project in the Constituent Assembly of France (1789-1791 ) x . Thus the States which had renounced the Supernatural Messias admitted into their bosoms a strongly or­ ganised body working for their subjection to the Natural Messias and utilising the Naturalism of Freemasonry for that purpose. The rejection of the rule of Christ the King, without which social organisation cannot be free from essential deviations, and the gradual imposition of the Jewish National mould or “form” have proved disastrous for the nations once Christian and Catholic. They are beginning to react. The form and method of the reac­ tion, however, here and there show serious traces of the process of deformation to which the nations have been subjected. Naturalism and the defective philosophies resulting from its deleterious influ­ ence on the human mind are at work even in the efforts displayed to undo its effects. 2 We shall see this in particular further on in the case of the German National Socialist Reaction. This series of reactions or revolts is given, in the language of propaganda, the name of “Fascism.” The countries ruled by the Judaeo-Masonic combinations are spoken of as “Democracies.” From another point of view, the struggle between “Democracy” and “Fascism” may be characterised as a struggle between money- lending, or the system by which currency originates in debt to groups of private individuals, whose aim has been the manipula­ tion of the price-level of the different countries, and money as a stable measure of value facilitating the exchange of real wealth. Catholics must learn to take account of the fact that, since the coming of William of Orange to England and the foundation of 1 “The deputies who got the project of Jewish Emancipation voted by the Assembly were all masons.” L* Entree des Juifs dans la Societe Francaise, by l’Abbe Lemann, p. 356. L’Abbe Lemann was a Jewish convert 2 These erroneous philosophical theories are in part the result of the revolt against the Mystical Body ot Christ (opposition to God has a disastrous effect on the human mind) and in part the result of decay consequent on Judaeo-Masonic influence. 51 the Bank of England, those who control credit and manipulate currency have gradually usurped the function of the Sovereign Power in modern States and are now linked together in a Big Combine. “Democracy” is simply another name for “a money­ lenders’ Paradise,” a country in which currency comes into exist­ ence in the form of a debt to members of a big syndicate. Just as the chain-shop aims at the extinction of the individual trader, so the International Syndicate known as the Bank of International Settlements aims at the extinction of those entities known as na­ tions or rather at their subjection to its dictates. The “Fascist” nations are refusing to sell out and be absorbed by the great monopolies, in a word, they refuse to borrow money. “These ‘sovereign states’ we call Germany, Spain, Poland, Italy, Japan, are relatively small independent businesses. . . . Inciden­ tally, they are businesses which have defied the big credit Institu­ tions or International Banks—upon whose accommodation such businesses are supposed to depend for their continued existence. And it is not us, the people of England, but the International Banking Interests (of whom all democratic governments are the agents) who loudly and threateningly demand their return into the economic fold. And ‘Soviets Limited* shouts it too. . . . What is this notion of National Sovereignty as seen from the standpoint of the monopolist (Mr. Litvinov representing the great Russian Empire, stretching from the Baltic to Korea or Mr. Eden repre­ senting the British Empire which sprawls all over the world) ? It is a challenge to the all-powerful world-corporation he has in view, and which is actually in process of formation. It makes him see red literally. . . . Among the monopolist States, Great Britain, France, and Russia are the great protagonists. . . . In the back­ ground is the United States of America, the most powerful single State in the world. And Mr. Roosevelt is an arch-monopolist. . . . The last four years have made it clear to any intelligent man. . . . that ‘Soviet Communism’ is just a monopolist variation of ‘Dollar Diplomacy’ or the ‘British Hegemony’ . . . It is Soviets Limited with a propaganda Department as big as all the other departments of State put together. . . . It is the most stu­ pendous racket that the world has ever seen. . . . We, that is, Great Britain, are in with the monopolists . . . over against us are a lot of States which represent relatively small-scale CapitaJ . . . We stand for the Big Combine. They represent the little 52 individualist business, as it were, now in armed revolt against the insolent tyranny of the Empire Trusts, which are merging into one Empire. . . . These three great Empires (Great Britain, France, Russia) are now made into a mighty Trust of interlocking Syndi­ cates. That is what the French-Russian (Soviet) Pact and the French-English alliance means. . . . That is merely an old-fash­ ioned, political way of putting it, to call these ‘Pacts’ and ‘Alli­ ances.’ It is nationalist language. It has to be used . . . because, of course, the majority of people are still ‘nationalist’ minded. . . . Another great war is blowing up . . . to understand its meaning . . . fix your mind upon mis tendency to coalesce into corpor­ ations, to fuse into one vast monopolistic mass. That is what the nations are doing, just as much as shops and factories. And those who decline to coalesce, are now being threatened by those who are the leading members of this great political Trust . . In regard to the r61e of Soviet Russia, Mr. Wyndham Lewis does not seem to be quite satisfactory. The aim of the Rulers of Russia has always been to promote war between the once Christian powers, in order to profit by the resultant misery. They are ready to play off one against the other and turn to account the weaknesses of both. They will thus be able to propagate Communism in all the countries engaged in conflict. The end of the War may well see a Communist revolution and, as a result, the Mass practically abolished, in Western Europe. So Satan muses—and others. 2 For those who may not be aware of how far monopoly and semi-Communism have progressed in England, the pamphlet The Real Crisis, published by The Liberty Restoration League is rec­ ommended. They will there learn about P.E.P. (Political and Economic Planning) and see that “the various Boards that have been set up in a number of industries are autocratic bodies on the 1 “Count Your Dead: They are Alive f” by Wyndham Lewis. This book is strongly recommended for its excellent outline of the preparations for another great war. 2 In a more recent book, entitled “The Jews—are they human t” Mr, Wyndham Lewis shows a regrettable lack of knowledge of the Divine Plan for order in the world through the acceptance of the Supernatural Messias. The result is a very superficial work compared with “Count Your Dead: They are Alvuel” 53 true Soviet model, with powers to inflict fines and entirely regulate the affairs of those subject to each Board’s authority.”! The present writer has dealt briefly with P.E.P. in The Mystical Body of Christ in the Modern World, in order to show its place in the anti-supernatural campaign of the Judaeo-Masonic forces. Similar Boards are already functioning in Ireland. Under threat of war, this semi-Cbmmunist organisation will be advanced in all “demo­ cratic” countries. A recent leaflet of the Liberty Restoration League on A.R.P. draws attention to this as follows: “Another organisation which has helped to spread the Air Terror is the Air Raid Defence League. It is directed by Sir Arthur Salter, M.P., who is also a member of the Council of the group which describes itself as P.E.P. (Political and Economic Planning). P.E.P. is composed chiefly of Socialist civil servants and representatives of the big businesses which obtain State assistance and require con­ stant State interference to hamper, or prevent, the free competi­ tion of their independent rivals. Its aim is revolution by stealth, and for some years it Hs been working for the gradual elimination of private property and enterprise and the compulsory amalgama­ tions of businesses, which is the first step towards Communism. It calls these activities ‘planning’ and, in a recent issue of its jour­ nal, stated that ‘only in war, or under threat of wa**, will a British Government embark on a large scale planning, twenty five years ago, this was also the view of those who planned the Russian revolution.” As many of my Catholic readers will never have heard of P.E.P. before and may be unaware of the menace of naturalistic State “planning” to family life, the private ownership of a strong middle class, and everything which savours of guild-organisation or voca­ tional groups, the following quotation from the Parish Magazine of the Holy Rood (Catholic) Church, Watford, Herts., England, will be helpful to them: “The Political and Economic Planning Group undei the chairmanship of Mr, Israel Moses Sieff . . . is out to reduce every public and private activity in England to a compact mechanism of State-aided monopolies, combines and chain-stores under the control of a few financiers. The blessings to follow are these: artificial limitation of private enterprise, re­ stricted production, rise of the cost of living, mass production of 1 Britain’s Jewish Problem, by M. G. Murchin, p. 177. 54 low quality goods, reduction in exports, swelling of the bureau­ cracy, increase of taxation, growth of large cities, depopulation of smaller towns and countryside, suppression of private property and compulsion for all to invest their savings in monopolistic com­ bines. . . . This wonderful and genial movement for the enslave­ ment of Great Britain is making fair headway, and has succeeded in laying hands on pigs, bacon, milk, potatoes, turnips, bees. . . . The latest to join the movement is the National Birth Control As­ sociation, which has accordingly altered its name to Family Plan­ ning Association. It will arrange when and whom to marry, how many children to bring into the world, when to divorce, when and how to die, all according to the lofty standard of a group of finan­ ciers* financial needs and benefits.” To conclude this section I beg to quote a paragraph from an­ other English writer as a short summary of the situation. H. T, Mills, in a pamphlet entitled Money, Politics and the Future, says: “We can roughly sum up the characteristics of the nations which already divide the world into two hostile camps, in order of impor­ tance, as follows: THE SO-CALLED DEMOCRACIES; gold standard countries; Freemasonry strong; Communistic element strong; members of League of Nations (except U.S., on account of special circumstances) versus (RELATIVELY) JEW-FREE ‘DICTATORSHIPS’; goods standard countries; Freemasonry suppressed; nationalist element strong; not members of the League (except Italy, which country is as good as out of it). Russia may also be included without much difficulty in the first group. She is entirely dominated by the money power, which in the first instance gave to Bolshevism the possibility of life.” 1 “Moscow” (or Russia) and Ireland •^Moscow” or Russia, then, is simply a gigantic investment by which control over vast resources has been acquired by those who are preparing for the New Messias. They have “the enormous 1 According to LeGrand Occident of August, 1935, quoting from a Russian journal published in Paris, Masonic Lodges exist in Russia. The question of Freemasonry in Germany is dealt with further on. The pamphlet by H. T. Mills was published some months before the out­ break of the war. 55 material advantage of vast funds such as a despotism can levy at will from the labour of more than fifty million adult men and women working on its soil, allowing as productive for revenue one- third of the gross population. All the surplus value of that labour is available, and a very large part of it is actually used, for propa­ ganda and supply in countries outside Russia.” 1 The numbers of fiie New I.R.A., who are members of the Communist Party of Ireland and who took part in the formation of the Dublin Branch of the Left Book Club in 1936, seem to prove that Russia is ready to utilise the Partition grievance in Ireland, in order to prepare the way for the Popular Front and the attack on the Mass. 2 We must not forget that the General Convention of the New I.R.A. on January 8th, 1933, issued a manifesto to the Irish people, which stated unequivocally that: “the reorganisation of Irish life de­ mands the public ownership of the means of production, distribu­ tion and exchange in a State based on the needs of the mass of the people.” The I.R.A. thus accepted the central point of “Moscow’s” programme. The New I.R.A. ought to remember how a small section of the Basques were used as the instruments of Russia in Spain. 3 They ought to bear in mind, too, the fate that awaits them if “Moscow” triumphs. It will be given to others to read that “they have disappeared,” like so many marshals, generals, ambassadors, professors, technicians, and other dupes of all kinds, not to speak of ordinary citizens in their thousands and hundreds of thousands. The Natural Messias is not meek and humble of heart like the Supernatural Messias. Labour unions ought to watch their leaders closely, for every socialistic programme which sacrifices personal to common owner­ ship operates in the long run towards the concentration of all con­ trol in the hands of a small minority and the reduction of the rest of the population to propertyless serfdom. 4 It is one of the trage­ dies of James Connolly’s life that he who believed firmly in the 1 H. Belloc in G. K.’s Weekly, August 13th, 1936. 2 The Left Book Club is the creation of the Jew, V. Gollancz. 8 The Soviet programme of action in Spain in 1932 included “the intensi­ fication of the national revolutionary movement in Catalonia and Biscay.” (Theses of XII Plenum of the E.C.C.I.) The letters E.C.C.I: stand for Executive Committee of the Communist International. * Cf. Socialism Unmasked, by A. N. Field. 56 Supernatural Messias never saw that Marxism was simply a means for the installation of the reign of the new Messias. Too great vigilance cannot be exercised by Irish Catholics with regard to the form of union which may be brought about between Northern and Southern Ireland. The union may be made to ap­ pear on the surface as a concession to Irish national sentiment while, in reality, preparing the way for the direct attack on the supernatural life of our country. We know how sadly our Catho­ lic fellow-countrymen in the Six Counties of North-East have been made to suffer, deprived as they are of their fundamental rights as citizens in their own land, to use a recent expression of His Eminence, Cardinal MacRory, and the Bishops of the North. 1 But we in the South have already compromised lamentably with the French Revolution in the section on Religion in the new Irish Constitution and we may be dragged still further along the path to decay. 2 Masonry and that sub-Masonry, the Orange Society, will have no difficulty in forming a common front with Communism against the Catholic Church. The German Nationalist Socialist Reaction against Internationalism We have seen that the Nazi movement in Germany is one of a number of national reactions against the naturalistic International­ ism of the Jewish Nation and of Freemasonry. This particular reaction is aeeply infected with defective philosophy as a conse­ quence of the various deviations from the Divine Plan for order, which have been playing upon the German mind. The history of the German-speaking peoples, since the disastrous rupture of the unity of Europe in the 16th century, is, in its broad outlines, an account of the gradually successful efforts on the part of Protes- J-In their public pronouncement on the question of conscription. 2 Mr. Anthony Eden, Secretary of State for the Dominions, in his broad­ cast to America, 11th September, 1939, said: “Can we finally rid Europe of barriers of caste and creed and prejudice? . . . Our new civilisation must be built through a world at war. But our new civilisation will be built just the same.” Weigh those words well; there is a very Masonic ring about them. The Times of 15th October, 1938, quoted Mr. Eden as saying that changes in our social and economic structure as far-reaching as those which have taken place in some other countries may be necessary as a by-product of a war to liberate Europe from the systems of Germany and Italy. Is this PJEJ.? 57 tant Prussia with its capital, Berlin, to oust Catholic Austria, with its brilliant capital, Vienna, from the leadership of the German- speaking peoples. Cardinal Richelieu’s policy of hiring Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden against the Catholic Emperor during the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) prepared the way. Frederick the Great, that cynical, conscienceless ruler, carried on the work. In­ ternational Finance and Freemasonry, of which Bismarck was an agent, then brought about the birth of the German Empire of the Hohenzollern, which grouped a large number of German-speaking Catholics under the hegemony of Prussia. The Nazi movement is now bringing the rest of the German-speaking Catholics under the same rule, in the name of the naturalistic principle of race. The French Freemason, Clemenceau, during the peace negotiations at the end of the Great War, 1914-1918, refused to allow a South German State, predominantly Catholic, to arise. The work of the Freemason, Bismarck, was not to be undone, though the Austrian Empire was dismembered, and its social organisation, impregnated with Catholic tradition, broken to pieces. Now Catholic Austria and Slovakia, etc., have been incorporated under Berlin, so that Richelieu and Clemenceau, by betraying the interests of the Mys­ tical Body of Christ, have worked for the aggrandisement of Prus­ sia and against their own country. The animating principle of the Nazi movement is that the pure German race is God. Pope Pius XI in the Encyclical of March 14th, 1937, On the Condition of the Church in Germany, has stated it unequivocally. In that Letter, every word of which—so the Sovereign Pontiff assured his readers—was weighed in the scales of truth and charity, we read: “While it is true that the race or the people, the State or a particular form of government, the repre­ sentatives of the civil power, or other fundamental elements of human society have an essential and honourable place in the nat­ ural order, nevertheless, if anyone detaches them from this scale of earthly values and exalts them as the supreme norm and stand­ ard of all things, even of religious values, deifying them with idolatrous worship, he perverts and falsifies the order of things created and constituted by God, and is far from true faith in God and from a conception of life in conformity therewith . . . our God is the personal God, transcendent, almighty, infinitely perfect, One in the Trinity of Persons and Three in the Unity of the Di­ vine Essence, Creator of the Universe, Lord, King and ultimate purpose of the history of the world, Who does not suffer and can 58 never suffer any other divinity beside Him . . . only superficial minds can fall into the error of speaking of a national God, of a national religion, of foolishly attempting to restrict within the narrow confines of a single race, that God, Who is the Creator of the world, the King and Lawgiver of all peoples, before Whose greatness the nations are as small as drops of water in a bucket.’ 1 — (Isaias xl, IS.) One or two phrases from Rosenberg’s book, The Myth of the Twentieth Century, 1 will show how accurately Pope Pius XI diag­ nosed the error which is the root principle of the deviations from order in present-day Germany. “The racebound national soul” he writes, “is the measure of all our thoughts, aspirations of will and deeds, the final criterion of our values.” Again, “Right is the ex­ pression of the exigencies of blood and race . . . a right holds good in the measure in which it puts itself at the service of the race.” Accordingly, the moment Catholics in Germany and Aus­ tria leave the church after Mass, they find society in the process of organisation on the principle that the highest form of life is German national life, not the Divine life of Sanctifying Grace. German blood is higher and nobler than Sanctifying Grace, par­ ticipation in the Inner Life of the Blessed Trinity, won for us by Our Lord’s obedience unto death. Hence it will claim to organise life and morality. The German member of Christ is, therefore, faced with a terrible conflict, for this deification of the German Race and Blood will inevitably and logically lead to persecution, not only of Jewish naturalism, with its practical deification of the Jewish Race, but also of Catholic Supernaturalism. Pope Pius XI in his Letter of 14th March, 1937, On the Condi­ tion of the Church in Germany, and the German Bishops in their Joint Pastoral Letter of 19th August, 1938, bear witness to the intensity of this persecution of the Catholic Church in Germany. It is well to quote at some length from these authoritative pro­ nouncements, in view of such statements as the following from Herr Hitler, in the Reichstag on January 30th, 1939: “No one in Germany has so far been persecuted for his religious views, nor will any one be persecuted on that account. . . . But the National- Rosenberg may be styled the theorician of the Nazi reaction. By a decree of the Hitlerite Government of January 31st, 1934, he was given the charge of controlling the intellectual and philosophical formation of the Nazi party. 59 Socialist State will ruthlessly make clear to those of the clergy who, instead of being God’s ministers, regard it as their mission to speak insultingly of our present Reich, its organisations or its leaders, that no one will tolerate a destruction of this State. . . . There can only be political reasons for other countries, and for certain democratic statesmen in particular, to take up the cudgels on behalf of individual German clergymen, for these same states­ men were silent when hundreds of thousands of priests were butchered or burnt in Russia; they were silent, when in Spain tens of thousands of priests and nuns were massacred with bestial cruelty and burnt alive. . . . It was just because of such butchery that numerous National-Socialist and Fascist volunteers placed themselves at the disposal of General Franco in order to help him in his efforts to prevent the Bolshevik lust for blood from spread­ ing over Europe and over the greater part of the civilised world. It was anxiety for European culture and for real civilisation which compelled Germany to take sides in the fight carried on in National Spain against the Bolshevik destroyer. It does not say much for the mentality predominant in various countries which cannot con­ ceive of such a step being taken for purely unselfish reasons. How­ ever, National-Socialist Germany sympathised with General Franco’s uprising out of a sincere desire to see him succeed in delivering his country from the danger which at one time had threatened to engulf Germany herself. Thus it cannot be sympathy or pity for God’s persecuted ministers, which mobilises the interest of democratic citizens for individual clergymen in conflict with the law, but rather an interest in the enemy of the German State. Let one thing, however, be borne in mind in this connection: we shall protect the German clergy in their capacity as God’s minis­ ters; but we shall destroy members of the clergy who are the enemies of the German Reich.” 1 Herr Hitler affirms that Catho­ lics are not being persecuted in Germany for their religion. Let us now hear what the Pope and the German Bishops have to say on the subject. In his Letter of 14th March, 1937, On the Condition of the Church in Germany, Pope Pius XI wrote to the German Bishops as follows: “In your districts, Venerable Brethren, voices are iThis extract is taken from News from Germany, April, 1939. This is a pro-Nazi Bulletin, circulated from Germany. The special number quoted from dealt with The Church in Germany. 60 raised in ever louder chorus urging men to leave the Church. Among the spokesmen there are many, who by reason of their official position seek to create the impression that leaving the Church, and the disloyalty to Christ the King which it entails, is a particularly convincing and meritorious form of profession of loyalty to the present State. With cloaked and with manifest methods of coercion, by intimidation, by holding out the prospect of economic, professional, civic and other advantages, the loyalty of Catholics and especially of certain “classes of Catholic officials to their faith is put under a pressure that is as unlawful as it is unworthy of human beings. AH our fatherly sympathy and deep­ est condolence We offer to those who pay so high a price for their fidelity to Christ and the Church. . . . We address a particularly heartfelt greeting to Catholic parents. Their God-given rights and duties in education are this present moment at the very centre of a struggle which could not conceivably be fraught with graver con­ sequences for the future. The Church of Christ cannot wait until her altars have been overthrown, until sacrilegious hands have set the houses of God on fire, before she begins to mourn and lament. When the attempt is made to desecrate the tabernacle of a child’s soul sanctified in baptism, by an education that is hostile to Christ; when from this living temple of God the eternal lamp of belief in Christ is cast out and in its place is brought the false light of a sub­ stitute faith that has nothing in common with the faith of the Cross. .. . then it is the duty of every professing Christian to keep his conscience clear of any culpable co-operation in such dreadful work and corruption. The more the opponents are at pains to deny and gloss over their dark intentions, all the more is a vigilant dis­ trust called for, and distrustful vigilance that has been aroused by bitter experience. The formal maintaining of religious instruction, especially when controlled and shackled by those who are not com­ petent, in the framework of a school that in other departments systematically and invidiously works against the same religion, can never be a justification for a believing Christian to give his free approval to such a school that aims at destroying religion. We know, beloved Catholic parents, that there can be no question of such willingness on your part.” In their Pastoral Letter of August 19th, 1938, the Bishops of Germany are quite explicit on the subject of the deadly persecu­ tion aimed at the destruction of the Catholic Church in Germany. Their affirmations are in open contradiction with the Fuhrer’s 61 assertions. “In our previous pastoral letters,” their Lordships write, “we have often spoken of the struggle that is forced upon us. We have to point out to-day that hostilities have not ceased but, that, on the contrary, acts of aggression are on the increase and the end aimed at is clearly manifest. What is aimed at is not merely the checking of the growth of Catholicism but the destruc­ tion of the Catholic Church, the wiping out of Christianity and the setting up in its place of a religion which is utterly alien to the Christian belief in the One True God, “It is true that the practice of the Catholic religion is still free, but every effort is made to keep Catholic youth away from Church services, by stigmatising the profession of the faith as a cause of division among the German people. . •. The Church is accused of having secret personal and political relations with Bolshevik Russia. This accusation is maintained in spite of the Encyclicals and the broadcasts of the Holy Father on Communism and even in spite of the statements of leading Bolsheviks…. To those who assert that the persecutions of which we have been and are still the object are only logical reactions and indispensable defensive measures on the part of the government of new Germany, in face of the refusal of Catholics and their Pastors to be incorporated into the new State, we reply as follows: We, the Bishops of Ger­ many, have often made public profession of our loyal attachment to our people and to die nation’s new constitution, and we have conscientiously accomplished our duties as citizens. But we want to proclaim openly that several of the leaders of the new move­ ment do not want to come to any agreement with the Catholic Church and its representatives, either because the fundamental principles of the new faith are opposed thereto or because the turn of events has brought into control anti-Catholic elements who are eager for the destruction of the Catholic Church. . . . The recent attacks on the Bishop of Rottenburg, Dr. Sproll, clearly prove that the persecution is directed not only against the Catholic Church but against the whole Christian idea as such. Christianity is con­ sidered as one of the last relics of a long-distant past, and as so much useless lumber in our day. According to the principles set forth in the Racial Laws, the person and the life of Jesus Christ are in contradiction with the German ideal of humanity. The principles of His teaching and, in particular, the dogmas of Orig­ inal Sin and Redemption, of reward and punishment after death, are said to be drawn from the superstitious legends of barbarous 62 peoples who imposed their beliefs on the Germans by force. Im­ bued with these principles, young people in different parts of the country took it upon themselves to clear the public places of the crucifix, the symbol of Christianity. They went so far as to de­ stroy very ancient Calvaries, taking no account of the artistic value of several among them. . . . While the Catholic Church is strug­ gling against its sworn enemy, the Bolshevik Anti-Christ . . . certain members of the government want to brand the Church as the enemy of the nation and prepare its destruction systematically. . . . . Can it not already be seen that the unity of the nation is undermined by the Government’s persecution of religion? The pretext put forward for the attack on religious beliefs is the anxiety to prevent the divisions and weakness inevitably resulting from religious differences. It seems to be forgotten that the struggle of anti-Christians against Christianity is a source of still greater weakness. . . . An attempt is being made to get rid of the Christian God in order to replace Him by a “German God.” What does a “German God” mean? Is he different from the god of other peoples? If so, then there must be a special god for each nation and for each people. This is the same as saying that there is no God An official statement has been made to the effect that a creative God is unacceptable. . . . Thus the concept of the One True God is denied and replaced by that of a god derived from racial theory. . . . The fate of these systems is well known. They disappear as quickly as they arise and simply lead to an increase in the numbers of unbelievers.” Herr Hitler’s Pronounce­ ment of January 30th, 1939, is in flagrant contradiction with the statements of Pope Pius XI and the German Hierarchy. The German reaction against Judaeo-Masonic Internationalism, then, represents the deification of the German Race in opposition to the Jewish deification of the Jewish Race. What are the cur­ rents that have come together to give birth to this disordered re­ action? They are many and varied. Two of them are specially noteworthy. There is the current coming from the philosophy of Kant, Fichte and Hegel, according to which the German mind is the one destined to mould Europe and the world. Kant carried out the “Copernican revolution” of making things conform to the human mind instead of the human mind seeking to grasp the objective order of the world. Fichte insisted that the elaboration of the social and, of course, of the moral order of the world was 63 to be chiefly the work of the German mind. According to Fichte, die living God is Humanity and the German mind is the self- consciousness of God. In the evolution of the Humanity-God, one state or people always leads the van, according to Hegel. Greece and Rome led the ancient world. In Europe to-day there is a Chosen People to carry on the development of the world—the Ger­ man Race. To that current another joins itself, namely, the one that comes from the French writer, Gobineau, and from the Englishman, H. St. Chamberlain. According to them, purity of blood and race is the great principle of progress for humanity, not only of phvsicial but of mental and moral progress. Accord­ ingly, to mould the world, the indispensable element is the purity of the German blood and race. Thus we have the broad outlines of the preparation of Rosenberg’s theories. For Rosenberg all Jewish blood is poisoned. That the blood of Our Lord Jesus . Christ, communicated to Him by His Immaculate Jewish Mother, should be the source to men of their most real Life, the Super­ natural Life of Grace, infinitely more noble than mere racial or national life, even German and Aryan, would seem to Rosenberg utter folly. 1 Rosenberg’s dictum “once and for all, the so-called Old Testament must be abolished as a book of religion” is con­ demned, in the Letter On the Condition of the Church in Ger­ many, in terms which bring out at the same time the terrible op­ position of Jewish Naturalism to the Mystical Body of Christ Anyone, therefore,” writes Pope Pius XI, “who wishes to have banished from the Church and from the school the Bible history and the wise teachings of the Old Testament blasphemes against the word of God and against Almighty God’s plan of salvation, and sets up as judge of the divine plans a narrow and limited hu­ man mode of thought. He forsakes faith in Christ who appeared in the reality of His Flesh, who took humanity of a people that was later to nail Him to the cross. He understands nothing of the world drama of the Son of God, who to the crime of His crucifiers opposed the divine action of His redemptive death which, as High Priest, He offered for us, and so caused the Old Testament to find its fulfilment, its purpose and its sublime exaltation in the New.” Behind this deification of the German Race, there are also 1 Cf. Propositions condemned in the Letter of the Sacred Congregation for Seminaries and Universities, 13th April, 1938. 64 various secret forces. Freemasonry means the acceptance of pan­ theism and the deification of man. 1 It is pantheistic in its sym­ bolism and in its inner or esoteric signification, so German Free­ masonry, both Grand Orient and Prussian, has contributed to the preparation of the present mental aberration. In the previous edition of this pamphlet I insisted upon this, and I added that Hitler suppressed the Grand Orient Lodges but that the Prussian Grand Lodges, which never admitted Jews to membership and re­ mained strictly nationalist, simply transformed themselves into Orders of Chivalry with a purely German symbolism. I have since been assured that they also were suppressed. Is that suppression merely on the surface and akin to the closing of the Masonic Lodges during the French Revolution when their members were proceeding to action ? It is difficult to know exactly. It is certain that the “German Christian” attempt to introduce the neo-pagan- ism of “the German Faith” into the Protestant Church follows exactly the lines indicated in the declarations of the three Prussian Grand Lodges, quoted in The Mystical Body of Christ in the Mod­ ern World, pp. 311, 312. 2 It is also certain that behind all the at­ tempts of the German Government is the intention of moulding Christianity according to the ideas formulated by the German Chris­ tians. 3 It seems to me that the hatred of the Supernatural Life of Grace displayed by the Hitlerite government indicates the pres­ ence of a satanically inspired group such as Masonry. The in- iFor the proofs of this, see The Mystical Body of Christ in the Modern World, passim, especially Appendix VI, pp. 346-351. 2 An extract from the minutes of the assembly of the Prussian Grand- Masters held on loth February, 1924, is there reproduced. At that reunion, a common statement was drawn up to the effect that the three Prussian Grand Lodges stood for “a German and Christian view of life (auf dem Boden deutscher und christlicher Anschauung). . . . We insist on these convictions as well as upon the respect of the rights of others, because we are persuaded that there is no universal Humanitarian Ideal and that, just as every personality has its root in race, only boundless love of and fidelity to one’s race can develop personality . . 3 The book, The New Racial Paganism, translated from the Italian of Mario Bendiscioli, by George D. Smith (Burns, Oates and Washbourne) contains a striking confirmation of these views, though there is no allusion to Freemasonry, Prussian or other, in the book. The little book quoted in the previous edition of this pamphlet, namely Les Forces Occultes en Allemagne, by H. du Mesnil-Thoret, contains an extraordinary amount of useful information in a few pages. 65 fluence of the Germanic Secret Society known as Die Hetiige Vehme (The Holy Tribunal) may suffice to explain some things though not all, but again it is difficult to get authentic information about this also. Besides those forces, the Freundeskreis of Hugen- berg, one of the apostles of Pan-Germanism, and the famous Abteilung drei, which corresponds to the English Intelligence Service, have been important factors in the preparation of the present regime. We must, however, carefully distinguish between the anti-super­ natural character of the Hitlerite government and the efforts of the same government to set the German people free from the domination of international money-lenders. The deification of the German Blood and Race is in flagrant opposition to the Divine Plan for order through the Mystical Body of Christ and inevitably leads to systematic persecution of splendid Catholic families. The Prussian tradition of ruthless military aggrandisement is a per­ petual menace to peace. But we must be just, nevertheless, in spite of the Nazi Party’s hatred of Christ the King, and remember that it took the Nazi revolution to abrogate the clause in the constitu­ tion of the Reich by which “the president of the Reichsbank, Dr. Hans Luther, was secured in his position, so that he could not be removed without his own consent and a majority vote of the Board of the Bank of International Settlements.” 1 Since the Great War twenty-six Central Banks have been founded, after the model of the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States, Mr. Paul Warburg’s creation, 2 and have been gradually “attempting to set up a central body which will acknowl­ edge no authority above it on this planet. . . . If this is ever effected, there can be no doubt that the Bank for International Settlements will then be in as autocratic a position with regard to world finance as the Bank of England is now in with regard to British finance. This bankers’ dream would certainly make a M» Analysis of Usury, by Jeffrey Mark, p. 211. 2 Mr. Paul Warburg was a German Jew and became an American subject only a few years before he created the Federal Reserve Bank in 1913. Cf. All These Things, by A. N. Field, pp. 4, 5. At a conference of international bankers at Genoa, in 1922, it was resolved that: “in countries where there is no central bank of issue, one should be established” 66 ‘stable* banking system for the world. With the whole of the world’s gold stocks centralised, and with each country’s internal banking system co-ordinated under an all-powerful central bank, bank crashes and bank ‘runs’ (whether on a localised or national scale) would be impossible: an illusory gold backing to a world currency could be successfully maintained, and international gold tokens issued and ‘redeemed’ in any quantities which suited the policy of the board of the World Bank. At the same time, all hope of freedom and plenty—for the individual, for industry, and for nations—would automatically disappear, and the world would be relentlessly driven into complete idolatry under an international gold-idol.” 1 Against this process of reduction to financial slavery, the Hitlerite government is struggling. As Wyndham Lewis puts it: “What Herr Hitler is required to do is to merge Germany in the league of monopolist States.” 2 When Hitler is exhorted to make a contribution to peace, Wyndham Lewis goes so far as to say that it really means: “the peace-loving nations are more heavily-armed than you are, Herr Hitler, and have at their back unlimited resources, and they will unquestionably make war on you, if you do not submit to their will, and if you persist in going on with this Sovereign State stuff.” And we must always bear in mind that Marxism, as we have seen in the Foreword, is an instrument of International Finance as well as Capitalism. The end of the war between the “Democracies” and “Fascism” may see the process of reducing the world to slavery definitively achieved, or at least considerably advanced, and the reign of the natural messias inaugurated, by the installation of a Communist or semi- ^An Analysis of Usury, by Jeffrey Mark, pp. 214, 215. 2 Count Your Dead; They Are Alive! p. 318. When the Federal Reserve Bank had been a few years in existence, in 1916, to be precise, President Woodrow Wilson thus summed up the situa­ tion in U.S.A.: “A great industrial nation is controlled by its system of credit. Our system of credit is concentrated. The growth of the nation, therefore, and all our activities are in the hands of a few men. . . . We have come to be one of the worst ruled, one of the most completely con­ trolled and dominated Governments in the civilised world—no longer a Gov­ ernment by conviction and the free vote of the majority, but a Government by the opinion and duress of small groups of dominant men.” That is what “democracy” means, and it is a good description of the system which the Board of International Settlements has been quietly setting up all over the world. Cf. Wealth, Virtual Wealth, and Debt, by Professor Soddy, pp. 290 et seq. 67 Communist regime controlled by the Rulers of Russia. This con­ flict, like all others, is simply a subsidiary phase of the conflict waged by Satan against the Supernatural Messias and the Mass. In the meantime, “the problem facing the totalitarian (or ‘Fascist’) States is different from the bristling difficulties of the ‘democracies.’ The latter have enormous potential wealth, which their money system, based on the Gold Standard, does not permit them to distribute, and so this wealth is either sabotaged or not produced. Whereas the former are faced with a real shortage of wealth, owing to possessing limited overseas investments and con­ trolling very limited access to raw materials. This, particularly, applies to Germany. However, under a system of money based upon production, wonders are being accomplished with what can be produced from the soil, together with the results accruing from a reduced foreign trade, carried on frequently by barter because of a world-organised Jewish boycott of exports. It is for this reason that we see so many currency restrictions in Germany. Her credits built up abroad must be carefully parcelled out between the varying needs of her ordinary import trade, those of re-armament, etc.”* In The Mystical Body of Christ in the Modern World (Third Edition, pp. 310 et seq.) I gave a long quotation from the Viennese Catholic Weekly, Schbnere Zukunft, to show the enormous extent of Jewish influence in Germany. “To-day,” wrote Dr. Eberle, the distinguished Editor of that paper, in 1932, “Catholics are almost completely silent about the question of Judaism, though Jewish influence, not only in Russia, Hungary, Poland, France, England, America and Austria, but also in Germany, has attained a degree of power and might, altogether out of proportion to the number of Jews in the total populations of these countries. Three-fourths of the large Banking concerns, at the head of which we must place the four big D. Banks—Deutsche Bank, Darmstadter Bank, Disk- onto-Gesellschaft and Dresdener Bank—three-fourths of the big exchanges, including those of Berlin, Frankfort and Hamburg; three-fourths of the principal commercial enterprises, including those of Karstadt, Tietz and Werheim; three-fourths of the lead­ ing newspapers, of the publishing firms, of the telegraphic and 1 H. T. Mills, Money, Politics and the Future, p. 6. 68 advertising agencies, of the groups controlling theatres and cin­ emas, are Jewish. In Austria, matters are still worse. Of course, there are still many non-Jewish industrial magnates, but they are becoming more and more subservient to banks directed by Jews. . . . And yet Catholics, in great measure, keep silence about the matter. This silence is, in part, due to ignorance, especially in the provinces. But it is also due to an already existing dependence on Jews. Three-fourths of the Christian newspapers would be re­ duced to two-thirds or even one-half of their present size, if they were compelled to give up the advertisements of Jewish shops and banks, and Jewish advertisements would not be forthcoming if the Jewish question were treated of.” 1 The reaction against this intellectual and economic domination of the Jewish nation, instead of turning in the direction of the Mys­ tical Body of Christ, in which Germany was once united with the rest of Europe, has turned in the direction of a materialist Nat­ uralism. The triumph of this Naturalism over the Supernatural Life of the Mystical Body, by the annexation of Austria, was allowed to take place, without much opposition from the countries under the influence of Masonic Naturalism. On the annexation of Czecho-Slovakia, a Masonic creation due to the intrigues of Masaryk and Benes, and the link between the Rulers of Russia and Western Europe, Russia, which had signed a treaty of mutual help with Czecho-Slovakia in 1935, did all she could to promote war. War was, however, averted in September, 1938. It has broken out in September, 1939. What are the factors that have contributed thereto? Hitler’s threats of force against Poland coming after a number of others in the traditional Prussian style, the determination of the financiers of the Bank of International Settlements to crush revolt against their monetary system, the desire of the Judaeo-Masonic forces for revenge on the Hitlerite regime, the determination of the Catholic Poles not to yield except to force, Russia’s readiness to promote conflict in Europe and at the same time to repeat history with regard to Poland, all these 1 The domination of the Jewish Nation in Germany was favoured by the humanitarian Grand Orient Lodges. The Prussian Lodges never admitted Jews to membership. 69 factors have played their part. 1 The action of the Hitlerite gov­ ernment is not only favouring Satan’s schemes by being natural­ istic and anti-supernatural in Germany, but looks like playing into his hands by enabling the Rulers of Russia to look forward to grand-scale preparations for the reign of the New Messias. In Stalin’s words already quoted: “according to the doctrine of Marx-Engels-Lenin all war truly generalised should terminate automatically by revolution.” The Return to Order In Das Konigtum Christi in Europa (The Kingship of Christ in Europe), by Dr. Kurt Ziesche, Professor in the University of Breslau, we read: “In the French Revolution of 1789, a European attack on Christianity was for the first time directed openly and definitely at the very point which Judaism had been assailing for 1800 years. The attack struck at the very essence of Catholicism, We Christians call it the supernatural, that is, the order of the Inner Life of the Blessed Trinity. For Jewry it is pagan mythology draped in Oriental Mysticism. The Jew maintains that the pure natural religion of the prophets has been corrupted by it . . . In 1789, the (then) most cultured nation in Europe quite openly and frankly took the Jewish side. Thus, as the influence of the French Revolution extended, there dis­ appeared from Christian Europe what had hitherto been the deciding factor in its opposition to Judaism, and Jewish forces henceforward openly took their part in the development of Euro­ pean culture. In a short time they became the leaders therein and to-day they practically have the field to themselves. Judaism con­ ceived as a natural religion is undoubtedly at the present moment x Mr. Arnold Leese in elaborating the influence of the financial factor h The Fascist (May, 1939), points out that the Prudential Assurance Com­ pany, which has £535,000 in Jew-controlled Imperial Chemical Industries, and £179,000 in the Jewish chain-stores of Marks and Spencer, is deeply interested in Poland. It owns the Prudential Assurance Company of War­ saw, which in turn is interlocked with the Utilities Corporation (Poland) Ltd., the Power and Traction Finance Co. (Poland) Ltd., the British and German Trust, the British Overseas Bank, and the Mid-European Corpora­ tion. These companies, he says, are largely Jewish, and particularly the British and German Trust, which is managed by Helbert Wagg and Co. He adds that The Times, 4th April, 1939, p. 15, stated that “Jews are the chief owners of urban real estate in Poland.” 70 the strongest force in moulding the mind of Europe and the world . . . When we come to examine the dominant philosophies of life in the world to-day we find that it is not the Christian out­ look which fashions the minds and determines the conduct of men: it is rather the Jewish mentality. The strong clear-cut stand­ point of supernatural Christianity is by now restricted to a small portion of humanity. The Life of Grace still communicates to many millions of men the peace of heart required to suffer and endure, but the dominant attitude towards life, as manifested in the thoughts, actions and general behaviour of the white nations, is frankly Jewish and is the product of whatever remnant of idealism i
  4. The Life of Grace still communicates to
    many millions of men the peace of heart required to suffer and
    endure, but the dominant attitude towards life, as manifested in
    the thoughts, actions and general behaviour of the white nations,
    is frankly Jewish and is the product of whatever remnant of
    idealism is to be found in Judaism. That is the saddest point in
    the whole business.” Dr. Ziesche, in 1926, when his book
    appeared, looked for a supernatural reaction from the German
    Catholic Right Wing. Instead, there has come a naturalistic
    national reaction.
    Wherever, since 1789, the influence of the French Revolution
    has penetrated, States have declared that they have no duty to
    acknowledge the one true supernatural religion which God Him­
    self came down to teach men. Thus, States have openly renounced
    the side of our Divine Lord in the struggle between Him and
    Satan. “He that is not with me, is against me: and he that
    gathereth not with me, scattereth.” (St. Matth. xii, 30). This
    is social apostasy. “Never to have known Jesus Christ in any
    way,” writes Pope Leo XIII, “is the greatest of misfortunes, but
    it involves no perversity or ingratitude. But after having known
    Him, to reject or forget Him, is such a horrible and mad crime
    as to be scarcely credible.”
    1
    Having renounced social acknowledg­
    ment of truth and order, States have placed all forms of error on
    the same level as the Mystical Body of Christ, and as a necessary
    corollary, Jews, who are preparing for the advent of the natural
    Encyclical Letter, Tametsi, Christ our Redeemer.
    71
    messias, have been admitted as full citizens of the once Christian
    States.
    1
    They have profited by their citizenship to eliminate the
    influence of the Supernatural Messias, as is inevitable, for the
    process of imposition of their natural national form means at
    the same time the elimination of that supernatural life they reject
    so obstinately.
    Here it will be well, for the sake of clearness, to contrast the
    Jewish idea of citizenship with the Catholic ideal. Owing to their
    messianic aspirations, mat is, to their looking forward to a
    messianic era to be achieved through the dominating influence of
    their nation over the others, the members of the Jewish nation
    retain their primary allegiance to their own nation, when becom­
    ing citizens of other states and nations. As members of their own
    “messianic” nation, they must strive for the domination of their
    nation over others, as thus alone, they hold, justice and peace
    can be achieved on earth. The Jew would fail in his duty to the
    Messias to come if he did not subordinate the interests of other
    nations to his own. The Catholic Church, the Mystical Body of
    Christ, seeks to draw all nations into the unity of that Body so
    that Christ may relive His Life to the full in the citizens of every
    nation. But the Catholic Church, being supra-national and super­
    natural, does not aim at the obliteration of national characteristics
    and qualities by the imposition of a national form, but at their
    harmonious development by the elimination of the defects due
    to original sin. Our Lord Jesus Christ, in and through the
    Catholic Church, aims at showing forth to the world the resplend­
    ent qualities of the English, French, Irish, German, American,
    etc., member of Christ. Catholic saints are all convinced that the
    *A typical example of the influence of the French Revolution is to be
    found in Article 44 of the new Irish Constitution. According to Section 1
    of that article, the State recognises the special position of the Catholic
    Church as the Church of the great majority of the citizens, and the State
    also recognises the Church of Ireland, the Presbyterian Church in Ireland,
    the Methodist Church in Ireland, the Religious Society of Friends in Ire­
    land, as well as the Jewish Congregations, etc In Section 2 of that article,
    the free profession of religion is guaranteed to every citizen, subject to
    public order and morality. But who is to decide what is truly moral?
    Suppose one of the above-mentioned religious bodies wants divorce, will it
    be rejected simply because the majority are against it or because the unity
    and indissolubility of marriage are a symbol of the unity and indissolubility
    of Christ’s union with His Mystical Body? Divorce is immoral and an
    insult to our Redeemer, even if a majority can be found to vote for it
    72
    highest life in the world is not their national life—in fact their
    lives are a striking proof of the contrary—but they all know and
    teach that any act of subordination of the legitimate interests
    of the nation of which they are members to those of any other
    nation would be a sin and a failure in their duty to the Super­
    natural Messias.
    But, then, will the Catholic Church allow the practice of other
    forms of worship? Of course the Church will do so. The Catholic
    Church claims that the State shall officially acknowledge only
    truth and order, but She insists on the respect of the personal
    rights of all those who profess erroneous forms of belief. She
    has shown this admirably in her traditional attitude to the mem­
    bers of the Jewish Nation. What is this traditional attitude? It
    is to be found in the two currents running through the official
    declarations of the Holy See concerning the Jews. On the one
    hand, the Sovereign Pontiffs strive to protect the Jews from
    physical violence and to secure respect for their family life and
    their worship, as the life and worship of human persons. On the
    other hand, they aim unceasingly at protecting Christians from
    the contamination of Jewish Naturalism and try to prevent Jews
    from obtaining control over Christians. This second current has
    been lost sight of, to some extent, since the French Revolution.
    Yet Judaeo-Masonic influence in the Press and the Cinema and,
    above all, in the manipulation of Finance and Credit, is being
    steadily exercised against the doctrine of the Fall and the rule
    of Christ the King in society. Catholics need to be made familiar,
    not only with the repeated Papal condemnations of the Talmud
    but with the measures taken by the Sovereign Pontiffs to preserve
    society from the inroads of Jewish Naturalism. The Encyclical
    Letter, A Quo Primum (1751) addressed by Pope Benedict XIV
    to the Polish Hierarchy, of which a translation will be given in
    Appendix IV, is typical of the attitude of the Holy See in this
    respect. It seemed monstrous to Pope Benedict XIV that indi­
    vidual Catholics should be in danger of perversion by being ser­
    vants in Jewish families. Is it not much worse to have the whole
    social organisation of a country impelled in the direction of
    Naturalism by the financial forces of Central Banks and the Bank
    of International Settlements? The directing control of the Bank
    of England is a secret body. The efforts of the Macmillan Com­
    mittee of 1929 to throw light upon it “failed most completely . . .
    indeed, the evidence of Mr. Montague Norman is a study of
    73
    non-committal and evasive answers.”
    1
    The same secrecy does not
    enshroud the Jewish control of gold. The representatives of three
    Gentile firms meet the representatives of three Jewish firms at
    the Rothschild office in St. Swithin’s Lane every day at ten
    minutes to eleven and fix the day’s price for gold. The Rothschilds
    dominate the gold market.
    2
    To those who remark that there are
    many Christians engaged in maintaining a monetary system that
    will not permit the distribution of real wealth, I reply that many
    of them are Freemasons and, therefore, infected with the virus
    of anti-supernaturalism and that many others are simply instru­
    ments, wholly or partly blind, of the Rulers of Russia. For
    example, Prof. Corliss Lamont, son of the Senior Partner of
    J. P. Morgan & Co., is head of the “Friends of Soviet Russia”
    and of the “American Council on Soviet Relations.”
    8
    To undo the effects of the French Revolution we must, there­
    fore, teach the integral truth about the Mystical Body of Christ.
    In face of Rosenberg’s deification of the German race and his
    rejection of Jewish blood as poisoned, we must proclaim that
    we, who affirm that our Lord Jesus Christ, Head of the Mystical
    Body, redeemed us with Jewish blood, are spiritually descendants
    of Abraham. “We are spiritually Semites,” to use Pope Pius
    XFs oft-quoted phrase. And in face of Jewish Naturalism, we
    must proclaim also the supremacy of the Supernatural Life of
    the Mystical Body over the natural fife of Abraham’s descendants
    as over every form of national life. With Pope Pius XI, in the
    Encyclical Quas Primas, we must battle against the mentality,
    thanks to which “by degrees the religion of Christ was put on
    the same level as false religions and placed ignominiously in the
    same category with them.” The financial factor must, however,
    l
    Cf. Facts about the Bank of England, by A. N. Field, p. 4.
    ^Britain’s Jewish Problem, by M. G. Murchm, pp. 136-138. On p. 137,
    he points out that South Africa and Soviet Russia, die world’s two greatest
    gold-producing countries, are controlled by Jews, and mentions the fact that
    America, the country holding a large proportion of the world’s gold, is also-
    partially controlled by them.
    8
    “Let us be under no illusion. The Jewish spirit, which was responsible
    for the alliance of large-scale capital with Marxism and was the driving
    force behind so many anti-Spanish revolutionary agreements, will not be
    got rid of in a day. . . .” (Extract from the Victory Speech of General
    Franco, Madrid, May 19th, 1939.)
    74
    not be left out of account. If Hitler meets his Waterloo in his
    attempt to emulate Napoleon’s efforts to get free from the money-
    power, we Catholics in the “democracies” shall be exposed to
    another form of attack. Under a monetary system in which real
    wealth is either destroyed or not produced, in order to keep up
    prices and thus enable private money-creators to collect interest
    for the creation of the medium of exchange, the propertyless
    masses will sooner or later be hurled against the Church and the
    religious orders. Accordingly, strongly as we must condemn the
    horrible persecution of the Catholic Church in Germany, we ought
    not to allow our expressions of condemnation of the Hitlerite
    anti-supernatural programme to be construed into approvel of
    the monetary system against which he is in revolt, and which is,
    as things stand, an instrument for the propagation of Naturalism.
    1
    The Naturalistic adventure upon which Europe embarked at
    the French Revolution has been disastrous for the nations of the
    West. The reaction against its Internationalism is now threaten­
    ing to prove disastrous for the Jewish Nation. A step to be
    taken to undo the naturalism of the French Revolution and, at
    the same time, prevent onslaughts on the Jews, is to withdraw
    citizenship of other States from all of them and limit them to
    citizenship of one State, their own. That State must not be
    Palestine, for the Jewish claim to Palestine is implicitly a denial
    that they have disobeyed God and missed their vocation by the
    rejection of the True Supernatural Messias. It is the assertion
    in action that the promised Messias has not yet come and that
    the day of their domination over the world will yet dawn. That
    way lies disaster, because all their naturalistic attempts to impose
    their will on God instead of accepting His, will involve the Jewish
    nation in further dire catastrophes.
    2
    1
    Has not Pope Pius XI in Quadragesitno Anno denounced International
    Imperialism which derides^ the idea of patria or native land and holds that,
    where a man’s “cash-box” is, there is his country?
    For Napoleon’s struggle against the money-lenders, cf. The Mind of
    Napoleon, by R. McNair Wilson.
    2
    It is not necessary to stress the fact that the Arabs have a natural right
    to the country they have occupied for the last thirteen hundred years. Have
    the Danes a claim to England now, because they were masters of the country
    a thousand years ago?
    75
    The cause of Christ the King is terribly hampered in the modern
    world because many Catholics do not understand the meaning
    or see the harm of Naturalism. To take one example, they are
    so accustomed to having all religions placed on the same level
    that they are incapable of realising how Satan gloats over the
    insult to God involved therein. The world’s apology to the Blessed
    Trinity for that insult, namely, the return to the unity of the
    Mystical Body, is delayed by the fact that naturalistic compromises
    are accepted, as if they were full settlements of the Divine claims,
    and the integral truth is not proclaimed. “When an organism
    decays and becomes corrupt,” wrote Pope Leo XIII, “it is because
    it has ceased to be under the action of the causes which had
    given it its form and constitution. To make it healthy and flourish­
    ing again it is necessary to restore it to the vivifying action of
    those same causes. So modern society, in its foolhardy effort to
    escape from God, has rejected the supernatural order and revela­
    tion; and it has thus withdrawn itself from the salutary efficacy
    of Christianity. . . . This sacrilegious divorce has resulted in
    bringing about the trouble which now disturbs the world. Hence
    it is the pale of the Church which this lost society must re-enter,
    if it wishes to recover its well-being, its repose, and its salvation.
    . . . But the return of Christianity will not be efficacious and com­
    plete if it does not restore the world to a sincere love of the one
    Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church. In the Catholic Church
    Christianity is incarnate. It is identified with that perfect, spiritual
    and, in its own order, sovereign society, which is the Mystical
    Body of Jesus Christ and which has for its visible head the
    Roman Pontiff, successor to the Prince of the apostles. . . .
    Legitimate dispenser of the teachings of the Gospel it does not
    reveal itself only as the consoler and redeemer of souls, but it
    is still more the unfailing (eternal) source of justice and charity,
    and the propagator as well as the guardian of true liberty, and
    of that equality which alone is possible here below. . . . The
    equality which it proclaims does not destroy the distinction be­
    tween the different social classes. . . . The liberty which it bestows
    76
    in no wise conflicts with the rights of truth, because the rights
    of truth are superior to the demands of liberty. Nor does it
    infringe upon the rights of Justice, because the rights of Justice
    are superior to the claims of mere numbers or force. Neither does
    it impugn the rights of God, because they are superior to the
    rights of man.”
    1
    It is contrary to the order and finality of the world to abandon
    the struggle for the return of States to Christ the King. To aid
    in that return, by showing the ultimate practical consequences
    of the fatal step taken at the French Revolution and which has
    since been more or less accepted, to the exclusion of any higher
    ideal, is the object of this book. “I am Alpha and Omega, the
    beginning and the end, saith the Lord God” (Apoc. i, 8).
    APPENDIX IV
    POPE BENEDICT XIV AND THE JEWISH QUESTION
    Encyclical Letter of Pope Benedict XIV
    2
    to the Primate Archbishops
    and Bishops of Poland, concerning what is Forbidden to Jews
    Dwelling in the same towns and districts as Christians.
    3
    Venerable Brethren
    Health and Apostolic Benediction.
    Through God’s great goodness the foundations of our Holy
    Catholic Religion were first laid in the Kingdom of Poland
    l
    Apostolic Letter of March 19th, 1902.
    2
    1740-1758.
    zjSullarium Romanum, Vol. 26, pp. 297-300. The Letter is officially desig­
    nated as A quo primum. It was sent in the year 1751.
    This Letter has been translated with the kind collaboration of Rev. S.
    Rigby.
    77
    towards the end of the tenth century, under Our Predecessor Leo
    VIII, thanks to the zealous activity of Duke Mieceslas and his
    Christian spouse, Dambrowska. So we learn from Dlugoss, the
    author of your Annals (Book II, page 94). Ever since mat time,
    the Polish nation, always pious and devout, has remained un­
    shaken in her fidelity to the holy religion adopted by her, and
    has shunned with loathing every kind of sect. Thus, although the
    sects have spared no effort to get a foothold in the Kingdom, in
    order to spread therein the seeds of their errors, heresies and
    perverse opinions, the Poles have only the more staunchly and
    vigorously resisted such efforts and given still more abundant
    proofs of their fidelity.
    Let us take some examples of this fidelity. Mention must be
    made, in the first place, of the one to be considered as peculiarly
    appropriate to our purpose, and by far the most important. This
    is the spectacle, not only of the glorious memory, enshrined in
    the sacred calendar of the Church, of martyrs, confessors, virgins,
    men remarkable for their eminent sanctity, who were born, nur­
    tured, and died in the Kingdom of Poland, but also of the cele­
    bration in the same Kingdom of many councils and synods, which
    were brought to a happy issue. Thanks to the labours of these
    assemblies, a resplendent and glorious victory was won over the
    Lutherans who had tried all ways and means to obtain an entrance
    into and secure a footing in mis Kingdom. For example, there
    is the great Council of Petrikau (Piotrkov) which was held dur­
    ing the Pontificate of our illustrious predecessor and fellow-towns­
    man, Gregpry XIII,
    1
    under the presidency of Lipomanus, Bishop
    of Verona, and Apostolic Nuncio. At this Council, to the great glory
    of God, the principle of “Liberty of Conscience” was proscribed
    and definitively excluded from among the principles governing
    the public life of the Realm.
    2
    Then, there is the substantial vol­
    ume of the Constitutions of the Synods of the Province of Gnesen.
    In these Constitutions have been committed to writing all the wise
    and useful enactments and provisions of the Polish Bishops for
    the complete preservation of the Catholic life of their flocks from
    contamination by Jewish perfidy. These were drawn up in view
    of the fact that the conditions of the time demanded that Chris-
    M572-1585.
    2
    See Translators’ Note at end of Letter.
    78
    tians and Jews should dwell together in the same cities and towns.
    All this undoubtedly shows clearly and fully what glory (as We
    have already said) the Polish Nation has won for itself by pre­
    serving inviolate and intact the holy religion which its ancestors
    embraced so many centuries ago.
    Out of the many subjects of which We have just made mention
    there is none about which We feel We ought to complain except
    the last. But concerning this point We are forced to cry out tear­
    fully, “The finest colour is changed.” (Lament, Jer. IV. L) To
    put it briefly, from responsible persons whose testimony is worthy
    of credence and who are well acquainted with the state of affairs
    in Poland, and from people living in the Kingdom, who out of zeal
    for religion, have forwarded their complaints to Us and to the
    Holy See, We have learned the following facts. The number of
    Jews has greatly increased there. Thus certain localities, towns
    and cities, which were formerly surrounded by splendid walls
    (the ruins thereof bear witness to the fact), and which were inhab­
    ited by a great number of Christians, as We learn from the old
    lists and registers still extant, are now in an ill-kept and filthy
    condition, peopled by a great number of Jews, and almost bereft
    of Christians. Besides, there is in the same Kingdom a certain
    number of parishes of which the Catholic population has dimin­
    ished considerably. The consequence is that the revenue forth­
    coming from such parishes has dwindled so greatly that they are
    in imminent peril of being left without priests. Moreover, all the
    trade in articles in general use, such as liquors, and even wine,
    is also in the hands of Jews; they are allowed to have charge of
    the administration of the public funds; they have become the
    leaseholders of inns and farms and have acquired landed estates.
    In all these ways, they have acquired landlord rights over unfor­
    tunate Christian tillers of the soil, and not only do they use their
    power in a heartless and inhuman manner, imposing severe and
    painful labours upon Christians, compelling them to carry exces­
    sive burdens, but in addition, they inflict corporal punishment,
    such as blows and wounds. Hence, these unhappy people are in
    the same state of subjection to a Jew, as slaves to the capricious
    authority of their master. It is true that, in inflicting punishment,
    the Jews are obliged to have recourse to a Christian official to
    whom this function is entrusted. But, since that official is forced
    to obey the commands of the Jewish master, lest he himself be
    79
    deprived of his office, the tyrannical orders of the Jew must be
    carried out.
    We have said that the administration of public funds and
    the leasing of inns, estates and farms, have fallen into the hands
    of Jews, to the great and manifold disadvantage of Christians.
    But We must also allude to other monstrous anomalies and We
    shall see, if We examine them carefully, that they are capable
    of being the source of still greater evils and of more widespread
    ruin than those We have already mentioned. It is a matter fraught
    with very great and grave consequences that Jews are admitted
    into the houses of the nobility in a domestic and economic capacity
    to fill the office of major-domo or steward. Thus they live on
    terms of familiar intimacy under the same roof with Christians
    and continually treat them in a high-handed manner, showing
    their contempt openly. In cities and other places, Jews may be
    seen everywhere in the midst of Christians; and what is still
    more regrettable, Jews are not in the least afraid to have Chris­
    tians of both sexes in their houses attached to their service. Again,
    since the Jews are much engaged in commercial pursuits, they
    amass huge sums of money from these activities, and they proceed
    systematically to despoil the Christians of their goods and posses­
    sions, by their excessive usurious exactions. Though at the same
    time they borrow sums of money from Christians at an immod­
    erately high rate of interest, for the payment of which their syna­
    gogues serve as surety, yet their reasons for so doing are easily
    seen. First of all, they obtain money from Christians which they
    use in trade, thus making enough profit to pay the interest agreed
    upon, and at the same time increase their own wealth. Secondly,
    they gain besides as many protectors of their synagogues and
    their persons as they have creditors.
    The famous monk Radulphus was in former times carried
    away by excessive zeal and was so hostile to the Jews that, in the
    12th century, he traversed France and Germany preaching against
    them as enemies of our holy religion, and ended by inciting the
    Christians to wipe them out completely. In consequence of his
    intemperate zeal a great number of Jews were slaughtered. One
    wonders what that monk would do or say, if he were alive to-day
    and saw what is happening in Poland. The great S. Bernard
    opposed the wild excesses of Radulphus’s frenzy and in his 363rd
    80
    letter, wrote to the clergy and people of Eastern France as fol­
    lows :—
    “The Jews must not be persecuted; they must not be
    slaughtered or hunted like wild animals. See what the Scrip­
    tures say about them. I know what is prophesied about the
    Jews in the Psalm; ‘The Lord/ says the Church, ‘has revealed
    to me His will about my enemies: Do not kill them, lest my
    people become forgetful.’ They are assuredly the living signs
    that recall to our minds the Passion of the Saviour. More­
    over they have been dispersed all over the world, so that while
    paying the penalty of so great a crime, they may be wit­
    nesses to our Redemption”
    Again in his 365th letter, addressed to Henry, Archbishop of
    Mayence, he writes:—
    “Does not the Church triumph every day over the Jews in
    nobler fashion by bringing home to them their errors or
    converting them, than by slaughtering them? It is not in
    vain that the Universal Church has established all over the
    world the recitation of the prayer for the obstinately unbe­
    lieving Jews, that God may lift the veil from over their hearts,
    and lead them out of their darkness into the light of truth.
    For if she did not hope that they who do not believe may
    believe, it would seem to be foolish and purposeless to pray
    for them.”
    Peter, Abbot of Cluny, wrote against Radulphus, in a similar
    strain, to Louis, King of the French. He exhorted the king not
    to allow the Jews to be slaughtered. Nevertheless, as is recorded
    in the Annals of the Venerable Cardinal Baronius under the year
    of Christ, 1146, he at the same time urged the king to take severe
    measures against them, on account of their excesses, in particular,
    to despoil them of the goods which they had taken from the Chris­
    tians or amassed by usury, and to use the proceeds for the benefit
    and advantage of religion.
    As for Us, in this matter, as in all others, We follow the line
    of conduct adopted by Our Venerable Predecessors, the Roman
    81
    Pontiffs. Alexander III* forbade Christians, under severe penal­
    ties, to enter the service of Jews for any lengthy period or to
    become domestic servants in their households. “They ought not,”
    he wrote, “to serve Jews for pay in permanent fashion.” The
    same Pontiff explains the reason for this prohibition as follows:—
    “Our ways of life and those of Jews are utterly different, and
    Jews will easily pervert the souls of simple folk to their supersti­
    tion and unbelief, if such folk are living in continual and intimate
    converse with them.” This quotation concerning the Jews will
    be found in the Decretal “Ad haec” Innocent III
    2
    after having
    mentioned that Jews were being admitted by Christians into their
    cities, warned Christians that the mode and the conditions of
    admission should be such as to prevent the Jews from returning
    familiar intercourse with Christians, they repay their hosts, as
    the proverb says, after the fashion of the rat hidden in the sack,
    or the snake in the bosom, or the burning brand in one’s lap.”
    The same Pontiff says it is fitting for Jews to serve Christians,
    but not for Christians to serve Jews, and adds: “The sons of the
    free-woman should not serve the sons of the bond-woman. On
    the contrary, the Jews, as servants rejected by that Saviour whose
    death they wickedly contrived, should recognise themselves, in
    fact and in deed, the servants of those whom the death of Christ
    has set free, even as it has rendered them bondmen.” These words
    may be read in the Decretal, “Etsi Judaeos” In like manner, in
    another Decretal, “Cum sit nimis” under the same heading, “De
    Judaeis et Saracenis” (On Jews and Saracens) he forbids public
    positions to be bestowed on Jews: “We forbid the giving of pub­
    lic appointments to Jews because they profit by the opportunities
    thus afforded them to show themselves bitterly hostile to Chris­
    tians.” In his turn, Innocent IV
    s
    wrote to Saint Louis, King of
    the French, who was thinking of expelling the Jews from his
    domains, approving of the king’s design, since the Jews did not
    observe the conditions laid down for mem by the Apostolic See:
    “We, who long with all Our heart for the salvation of souls, grant
    you full authority by these present letters to banish the above-men­
    tioned Jews, either in your own person or through the agency of
    4159-1181.
    21198-1216.
    *1243-1254.
    evil for good: “When the; thus admitted out of pity into
    82
    others, especially since, as We have been informed, they do not
    observe the regulations drawn up for them by this Holy See.”
    This text can be found in Raynaldus, under the year of Christ
    1253, No. 34.
    Now, if any one should ask what is forbidden by the Apostolic
    See to Jews dwelling in the same towns as Christians, We answer
    that they are forbidden to do the very things they are allowed to
    do in the Kingdom of Poland, namely, all the things We have
    enumerated above. To be convinced of the truth of this state­
    ment, there is no need to consult a number of books. One has
    only to peruse the Section of the Decretals “De Judaeis et Sara-
    tenii’ (On Tews and Saracens) and read the Constitutions of
    the Roman Pontiffs, Our Predecessors, Nicholas IV
    1
    ; Paul IV
    2
    ;
    Saint Pius V
    3
    ; Gregory XIII
    4
    ; and Clement VIII
    5
    , which are
    readily available as they are to be found in the Bullarium Roman-
    um. You, however, Venerable Brethren, do not need to take
    upon yourselves even that much reading in order to see clearly
    how matters stand. You have only to go through the Statutes
    and Regulations drawn up in the Synods of your predecessors, as
    they have been most careful to include in their Constitutions every­
    thing that the Roman Pontiffs have ordained and decreed concern­
    ing this matter.
    The kernel of the difficulty, however, lies in the fact that the
    Synodal Decrees have either been forgotten or have not been car­
    ried out. It is incumbent upon you, therefore, Venerable Brethren,
    to restore them to their pristine vigour. The character of Your
    sacred office demands that you should zealously strive to have
    them enforced. It is meet and fitting, in this matter, to begin with
    the clergy, seeing that it is their duty to point out to others how
    to act rightly and to enlighten all men by their example. We are
    happy in the confidence that, by the mercy of God, the good exam­
    ple of the clergy will bring back the straying laity to the right
    11288-1294.
    21555-1559.
    »1566-1572.
    41572-1585.
    »1592-1605.
    83
    road. All this you can enjoin and command with the more ease
    and assurance because, as We have learned, from the reports of
    trustworthy and honourable men, you have not leased either your
    goods or your rights to Jews and have avoided any dealings with
    them in lending or borrowing. You are thus, so We are given to
    understand, completely free from, and unembarrassed by, any
    business relations with them.
    The systematic mode of procedure prescribed by the sacred
    canons for exacting obedience from the refractory, in matters
    of great importance like the present, has always included the use
    of censures and the recommendation to add to the number of the
    reserved cases those which one foresees would be a proximate
    cause of danger or peril for religion. You are well aware that the
    Holy Council of Trent took every care to strengthen your author­
    ity, especially by recognizing your right to reserve cases. The
    Council did not merely refrain from limiting your right exclu­
    sively to the reservation of public crimes, but went much further,
    and extended it to the reservation of acts described as more serious
    and detestable, so long as the said acts were not purely internal.
    On divers occasions, in various decrees and circular letters, the
    Congregations of Our August Capital have laid down and decided
    that under the heading of “more serious and detestable offences”
    should be ranked those to which mankind is most prone, and
    which are detrimental to ecclesiastical discipline, or to the salva­
    tion of the souls entrusted to the pastoral care of the bishops.
    We have elaborated this point at some length in Our Treatise on
    the Diocesan Synod, Book V, Chapter V.
    We beg to assure you that every help that We can give shall
    be at your disposal to ensure success in this matter. In addition,
    to meet the difficulties that will inevitably present themselves, if
    you have to proceed against ecclesiastics exempt from your juris­
    diction, We shall give to Our Venerable Brother, the Archbishop
    of Nicea, Our Nuncio in your country, suitable instructions on
    this point, so that you may be able to obtain from him the facul­
    ties required to deal with the cases that may arise. At the same
    time, We solemnly assure you that, when a favourable oppor­
    tunity offers, We shall treat of this matter, with all the zeal and
    energy We can muster, with those by whose power and authority
    the noble Kingdom of Poland can be cleansed of this foul stain.
    84
    Do you, Venerable Brethren, first of all, beg with all the fervour
    of your soul, the help of God who is the Author of all good.
    Implore His aid also, by earnest prayer, for Us and for this Apos­
    tolic See. Embracing you in all the fulness of charity, We very
    lovingly impart, both to you and to the flocks committed to your
    care, the Apostolic Benediction.
    Given at Castel Gandolpho, 14th June, 1751, in the 11th year
    of Our Pontificate.
    TRANSLATORS’ NOTE
    POPE LEO XIII ON FALSE “LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE.”
    “And, first let us examine that liberty in individuals which is
    so opposed to the virtue of religion, namely, liberty of worship,
    as it is called. This is based on the principle that every man is
    free to profess as he may choose any religion or none.
    “But, assuredly, of all the duties which man has to fulfil, that,
    without doubt, is the highest and holiest which commands him
    to worship God with devotion and piety. This follows of neces­
    sity from the truth that we are ever in the power of God, are
    ever guided by His will and providence, and, having come forth
    from Him, must return to Him. Add to which no true virtue
    can exist without religion, for moral virtue is concerned with
    those things which lead to God as man’s supreme and ultimate
    good; and, therefore, religion which (as St. Thomas says) “per­
    forms those actions which are directly and immediately ordained
    for the divine honour,”
    1
    rules and tempers all virtues. And if it
    be asked which of the many conflicting religions it is necessary
    to adopt, reason and the natural law unhesitatingly tell us to prac­
    tise that one which God enjoins, and which men can easily recog­
    nise by certain exterior notes, whereby divine Providence has
    willed that it should be distinguished, because in a matter of such
    moment, the most terrible loss would be the consequence of error.
    Wherefore, when a liberty such as We have described is offered
    to man, the power is given him to pervert or abandon with im-
    illa, Ha* Q. 81, a. 6.
    85
    punity the most sacred of duties, and to exchange the unchange­
    able good for evil; which, as We have said, is no liberty, but its
    degradation, and the abject submission of the soul to sin.
    “This kind of liberty, if considered in relation to the State,
    clearly implies that there is no reason why the State should offer
    any homage to God, or should desire any public recognition of
    Him; that no one form of worship is to be preferred to another,
    but that all stand on an equal footing, no account being taken of
    the religion of the people, even if they profess the Catholic faith.
    But, to justify this, it must needs be held as true that the State
    has no duties towards God, or that such duties, if they exist, can
    be abandoned with impunity, both of which assertions are mani­
    festly false. For it cannot be doubted but that, by the will of
    God, men are united in civil society; whether its component parts
    be considered; or its form, which implies authority; or the object
    of its existence; or the abundance of the vast services which it
    renders to man. God it is who has made man for society, and
    has placed him in the company of others like himself, so that what
    was wanting to his nature, and beyond his attainment, if left to
    his own resources, he might obtain by association with others.
    Wherefore civil society must acknowledge God as its Founder and
    Parent, and must obey and reverence His power and authority.
    Justice, therefore, forbids, and reason itself forbids, the State to
    be godless; or to adopt a line of action which would end in god-
    lessness—namely, to treat the various religions (as they call them)
    alike, and to bestow upon them promiscuously equal rights and
    privileges. Since, then, the profession of one religion is necessary
    in the State, that religion must be professed which alone is true,
    and which can be recognized without difficulty, especially in Cath­
    olic States, because the marks of truth are, as it were, engraven
    upon it. This religion, therefore, the rulers of the State must
    preserve and protect, if they would provide—as they should do—
    with prudence and usefulness for the good of the community. For
    public authority exists for the welfare of those whom it governs;
    and although its proximate end is to lead men to the prosperity
    found in this life, yet, in so doing, it ought not to diminish, but
    rather to increase, man’s capability of attaining to the supreme
    good in which his everlasting happiness consists: which never can
    be attained if religion be disregarded.
    “All this, however, We have explained more fully elsewhere.
    86
    We new only wish to add the remark that liberty of so false a
    nature is greatly hurtful to the true liberty of both rulers and
    their subjects. Religion, of its essence, is wonderfully helpful to
    the State.”
    Encyclical Letter of Pope Leo XIII, Libertas Praestantissitnum,
    June 20th, 1888.
    APPENDIX V
    THE FUNCTIONING OF THE GOLD-STANDARD MONETARY SYSTEM
    Lest some of my readers may think that I have insisted too
    much upon the disastrous effects of the monetary system asso­
    ciated with the gold-standard, a few words may be helpful.
    Money or token-wealth has been invented, to use St. Thomas’s
    expression, for the convenience of exchange and as a measure
    of things saleable. Thanks to it, families can procure, by the
    process of exchange, far more easily than by barter, that suffi­
    ciency of nature’s goods or real wealth needed by their members
    for a virtuous life. The fact is, however, that the gold-standard
    system does not aim at the distribution of socially-produced
    wealth but at making money a source of revenue to the issuers
    and a means of arriving at the greatest possible control for them
    by the creation and perpetuation of debt. As a measure of things
    saleable, money is meant to be stable. The yard measure and the
    pound avoirdupois may not be altered arbitrarily. Yet “we are in
    an age of monetary policy,” writes Professor Soddy, “when the
    value of it is continually altered by the means well-known to the
    banking profession, to make it worth less or more, thus to raise
    the price level or to lower it. . , . In all this there is not given a
    moment’s consideration to the most elementary principles of jus­
    tice to the owners of the money, who have a right to receive again
    value equivalent to that which they have given up.”
    1
    Arbitrary
    *The R6le of Money, p. 85 “A sane money system is one that aims at
    keeping in circulation the largest volume of money that can be absorbed
    without inflation of the price level . . . the principle of control of the
    currency of New Zealand should be changed from stability of the exchange
    rate with sterling to stability of the internal price level.”—(A N. Field, in
    Examiner, May, 1939.)
    87
    changes in the volume of currency cause prices to rise or decline;
    and these arbitrary changes affect the welfare of every citizen.
    How are they effected? By the contraction and expansion of
    credit due to movements of gold. Thus we have fixed foreign
    exchanges with fluctuating internal price-levels. Those who con­
    trol gold can manipulate the volume of credit, thus controlling
    the price-level in different countries. And this power can be used
    to acquire mortgages not only over entire industries but over
    whole countries. We read in The Builders’ Merchants’ Journal
    (January, 1939): “For instance, by the judicious transference
    of (say) ten millions of gold from France to England, a syste­
    matic depreciation of probably ten times that amount could be
    brought about in the market value of French securities without
    undue difficulty, and a corresponding rise effected on the English
    Exchange. By then transferring the same amount of gold from
    London to New York, a similar double effect could again be
    achieved. Next, by transferring the gold from the U.S.A. to
    (say) Belgium and the Netherlands, the process could be once
    more repeated. Then by switching the bullion across to England,
    a similar rise and fall would result. Finally, by shipping the gold
    from London back to its original resting-place in Paris, French
    securities would be restored to normal, and British stock values
    again depressed. The alteration in market values in the case of
    every gold transfer as above outlined would probably be at least
    ten times the amount of the bullion actually shipped, and the astute
    individuals engaged in the execution of this interesting financial
    roundabout might within the space of two or three years amass
    (via nominees) anything from (say) £100,000,000 to £500,000,000
    by judiciously exploiting the possibilities of the markets—and
    without arousing outcry or general suspicion amongst the invest­
    ing public. No wonder it becomes possible for banks and other
    big financial interests to hold ‘blanket’ mortgages not only (in
    effect) over entire industries, but also (to all practical intents and
    purposes) over whole countries.”
    A concrete example of the swindling depicted by The Builders’
    Journal is given by the late Arthur Kitson in his book, The Bank­
    ers’ Conspiracy, published in 1933. On pages 79 and 80 of that
    work, we read: “Some years ago the Bankers’ Magazine gave a
    startling example of the depreciation in the prices of 325 of our
    representative investments caused by the withdrawal of £11,-
    000,000 in gold from the Bank of England by a group of Ameri-
    88
    can financiers. The transfer of this amount from London to
    New York during a period of a few weeks caused a fall of prices
    equivalent to £115,500,000! The absorption of the same gold
    caused a corresponding advance in the prices of certain American
    securities. By first selling English securities and buying Ameri­
    can, they had merely to transfer so much gold and afterwards
    reverse the transactions by buying and selling respectively and the
    game was won! As a well-known financial writer stated at the
    time: ‘These speculators were playing upon two tables at the same
    time—one in London and the other in New York—with the cer­
    tainty of winning on both/ ”
    When a country has been impoverished and disorganised by
    a stock-exchange coup such as has just been mentioned, an attack
    on the property of the Catholic Church and the religious orders
    can be successfully launched by the Masons and other anti-super­
    natural elements. A typical example is to be found in Spain
    between 1834 and 1840. The Rothschilds were anti-Carlist in the
    war of succession, which was going on, because they feared that
    the success of Don Carlos would mean that they would lose the
    famous Almaden quicksilver mines. By a “bear” operation on
    the stock-exchange the Rothschilds sent Spanish securities tum­
    bling down. The Prime Minister, Count Toreno, was forced to
    resign, and the Rothschilds realised a profit far beyond the amount
    of the bribe they had given him previously. Count Toreno was
    succeeded by Mendizabal, a Jew by race and religion. He had
    been speculating in Spanish securities but had “got the tip” from
    Nathan Rothschild when the Rothschilds decided to bring about
    the slump. Mendizabal increased the Spanish deficit. All that and
    more can be learned from Count Corti’s Reign of the House of
    Rothschild. It will serve as a commentary on the laconic infor­
    mation we get in the Catholic Encyclopedia (article on Spain)
    wherein we read: ” . . . the Liberals ruled, except in the prov­
    inces occupied by the Carlists, and the moderate ministry of Mar­
    tinez de la Rosa . . . was succeeded by those of Toreno and of
    Mendizabal, who put up the possessions of the Church for sale
    (1836).” The Catholic Encyclopaedia omits to say that all the
    convents, with some exceptions, had been confiscated in 1835.
    1
    *”More than one hundred years ago, the Church in Spain was disestab­
    lished and despoiled of all real property, while the Religious Orders were
    suppressed and dispersed under the laws framed by Don Jose de Mendizabal,
    a Finance Minister of that day.” (The Conflict in Spain, by the Marquis
    de Merry del Val.)
    It makes no reference to the collusion between Rothschild and
    Mendizabal.
    Stabilization of the internal price level of countries is one of
    the most needed social reforms in the natural order. Without
    it the demand for social justice becomes a mockery. “Stabilizing
    money takes the money factor out of price fluctuation and leaves
    just the non-monetary factors of demand and supply of commodi­
    ties. As one well-known writer on these subjects has pointed out,
    the money factor is like the tides of the ocean, and the commodity
    demand-and-supply factor is like the waves of the sea. . . . The
    tides are the big factor determining the level of the water, and
    the waves a comparatively small factor even in the greatest storm.
    The money factor is like the tides, and is the principal thing in
    determining the price-level.”
    1
    HIGH TAXATION AND THE PREPARATION OF THE
    SERVILE STATE OR COMMUNIST STATE
    There is, moreover, another aspect of the question. The crush­
    ing burden of taxation due to the payment of interest on debt is
    utilised as means for the preparation of Communism or of the
    Semi-Communist State advocated by P.E.P. Let us first hear
    Arthur Kitson on the burden of debt and then, some Socialist
    authorities on the end to which taxation is being directed.
    The Builders’ Journal (April, 1939) quotes the following pas­
    sage from Arthur Kitson’s writings: “Our National Debt on
    March 31st, 1919, was £7,434,949,429. From 1920 to 1933 inclu­
    sive there has been paid towards the redemption of the National
    Debt £4,104,843,063. During the same period there has been paid
    in interest charges on the debt £4,288,925,186. . . . In spite of
    this, our National Debt on December 31st, 1933 (including our
    debt to the U.S.A.), was £7,947,000,000, being £512,000,000 more
    than the original debt of March 31st, 1919! In other words, the
    X
    A. N. Field in Examiner, May, 1939. He says elsewhere in the same
    issue: “Money must be made a just measure of value. If it is not, every
    money transaction perpetrates injustice, with debts on one level and prices
    of commodities on another level. And injustice sooner or later means the
    disintegration of the existing social order.”
    90
    nation has paid on account of the debt and interest charges the
    sum of £868,000,000 more than the original debt of March 31st,
    1919, without reducing the original debt by one shilling!” Money-
    lending to nations seems to be even more lucrative than lending
    to individuals! Mr. Kitson, however, in The Bankers’ Conspir­
    acy, shows that matters were still worse than these figures indi­
    cate. The Cunliffe Currency Committee’s Report, issued in
    August, 1918, recommended the restoration of the gold-standard
    at the pre-War parity “without delay.” In The Bankers’ Con­
    spiracy, p. 92, we read: “In advising the restoration of the gold-
    standard they are advising the Government to increase the Na­
    tional Debt and so add to the burden of taxation which the British
    public will have to bear. At present our National Debt approxi­
    mates to £8,000,000,000! But what are these pounds and with
    what were they subscribed? The Committee must know that the
    War Loans were subscribed in ‘cheap’ pounds, approximating in
    value to only one-half of the pre-War pounds. Hence our War
    debt, expressed in pre-War pounds, would be less than £4,000,-
    000,000! By restoring the gold-standard, the public debt would
    therefore be doubled and become £8,000,000,000 at pre-war value!
    Hence every taxpayer would be compelled to pay twice the amount
    of taxes in his products and services by reason of the Commit­
    tee’s recommendations. Very nice for the money-lenders and war-
    loan subscribers, but rather hard on the wealth producers and
    taxpayers! . . . The money-lenders’ code of morals—which the
    Committee apparently endorses—is that, whilst it is very wicked
    for debtors to defraud their creditors, creditors are quite justified
    in robbing their debtors. This seems to be the moral basis of the
    gold-standard.” It may be well to add that Mr. Winston Churchill
    restored the gold-stan

  5. The money-lenders’ code of morals—which the
    Committee apparently endorses—is that, whilst it is very wicked
    for debtors to defraud their creditors, creditors are quite justified
    in robbing their debtors. This seems to be the moral basis of the
    gold-standard.” It may be well to add that Mr. Winston Churchill
    restored the gold-standard in 1925.
    On the other hand, “this high-taxing, high-spending policy is
    laid down in innumerable Socialist handbooks as an essential pre­
    liminary to the imposition of full Socialism. Private enterprise
    is to be so crushed with burdens of every sort that it is glad to
    throw in the sponge and quit. . . . Taxation is the chief means/
    says Britain’s Socialist Fabian Society in its Tract No. 127, add­
    ing that ‘to the Socialist, the best of governments is that which
    spends the most.’ Similarly emphatic was a leading American
    exponent of Socialism, the late Morris Hillquit (a Jew whose
    real name was Misca Hilkowicz), who pointed out in his Socialism
    91
    Summed Up (1913) that by high taxes, shorter hours, and shorter
    week, freedom to strike, etc., the owners of businesses could be
    reduced to the point of being glad to be taken over by the State.
    Another eminent Jewish Socialist, Professor Laski, of the Lon­
    don School of Economics, is equally strong on ‘the weapon of
    taxation’ . . . Mr. George Bernard Shaw, eminent British Social­
    ist, puts the bedrock idea of the whole business very bluntly in
    the British Labour Monthly of October, 1921. He said: ‘Com­
    pulsory labour, with death as the final penalty, is the keystone
    of Socialism.’ . . . In a fully Socialised state, opposition to the
    ruling clique must from the force of circumstances take the form
    of underground conspiracy, working secretly until it is strong
    enough for an open test of strength. Against this danger the
    ruling clique in turn must protect itself with a gigantic spy serv­
    ice. . . . Russia’s gigantic spy service and perpetual ‘liquidations’
    of suspected oppositionists are no accidental features. They are
    inherent in full Socialism. As to how they work out in practice
    a former Bolshevik Commissar of Justice named Steinberg gave
    the following description in the New York Times of February
    23rd, 1930: ‘On the one side, we have intoxication with power
    and a realisation that anything done by him who wields power will
    go unpunished; and, on the other, fear, depression, silent hatred
    and sycophancy; the rise of two classes, masters and slaves. In
    turn the relations among the suspects become themselves per­
    verted. In the struggle to win the favour of the authorities,
    treachery assumes appalling dimensions. All become slaves with
    respect to the government, and wolves with respect to one another.’
    The fatal defect of Socialism is its utter incompatibility with
    respect for personality. , . . Human freedom is drowned in
    an ocean of materialism. , . * The Marxian class-war is intended
    solely to set the Christians at one another’s throats. . , . The
    whole trend of Socialism is to deprive Christians of their prop­
    erty and to reduce them to a sub-human, animal status. It puts
    them in the position the Talmud says it is their destiny to occupy.
    Finance-Capitalism began the work. Socialism completes it.”
    1
    *A. N. Field in Examiner, May. 1939.
    92
    APPENDIX VI
    NOTE ON DEMOCRACY
    The word “Democracy” is used in a variety of senses but it
    properly signifies a particular form of government. It is govern­
    ment by the people as contrasted with Monarchy and Aristocracy,
    which are governments by one man and by a few men respectively.
    The difference between these three morally lawful kinds of gov­
    ernment is a difference in the form, not in the purpose or end, of
    government. The end of government is the same for all forms: it
    is the promotion of the common good of the people as a whole and
    the safeguarding of their rights as persons.
    We must distinguish between Direct Democracy and Indirect
    Democracy. Direct Democracy is found where the ordinary citi­
    zen actually governs in person. This form existed in ancient
    Greece and still exists in the Landesgemeinde of some of the Swiss
    Cantons. But it is possible only in small communities. Indirect
    Democracy is that in which the people govern by their representa­
    tives. This is the only form of democracy possible in large states
    or nations.
    1
    But here again we must subdivide, for there are two
    kinds of Indirect Democracy, the legitimate form and what we
    may call the Rousseauist-Masonic form. The legitimate form of
    Indirect Democracy is that in which those who govern are, firstly,
    chosen from among the whole people; and secondly, designated
    by the votes of the whole people. Authority has its source in God.
    This is democracy as understood by St. Thomas. It is one of
    the forms of government possible de jure, to be adopted or not
    by a people according to history and circumstances. In certain
    circumstances it will give excellent results, but it will not do so
    infallibly. The Rousseauist-Masonic form of Indirect Democracy
    should rather be called Democratism. It is a philosophico-relig-
    ious myth based upon two dogmas: firstly, the dogma of the Sov­
    ereign People, that is to say, of the People always in possession
    of Sovereign Power, of which they, not God, are the source, and
    considering those who govern as their delegates. These delegates
    1
    Thus far I have summarized an excellent article in the Irish Independent
    of January 11th, 1937, by Most Rev. Dr. Browne, Bishop of Galway.
    93
    owe obedience to the People instead of being looked upon as
    Rulers who must be obeyed; secondly, the dogma that the vote
    of the people makes or creates what is right and just, thus again
    exalting man to the place of God.
    In spite of the fact that this Rousseauist-Masonic democratism
    has been frequently condemned by the Catholic Church,
    1
    the
    functioning of legitimate democracy is deeply influenced by these
    errors. Many Catholics proclaim that “the people can do no
    wrong” and mat “all men are equal” without being aware of the
    Rousseauist tinge of their thoughts. Many politicians seem to
    think that a majority at an election puts them above the moral
    law. These evils are intensified by the fact that behind the facade
    of democracy, states and nations have come to be dominated by
    private financial interests. “This domination is permanent, irre­
    spective of the party in office. All parties require money, and it
    often becomes profitable to the Money Power to finance all alike.
    . . . Party government has completely failed during recent years
    to give the nation any real protection against the most dishonest
    and unprincipled manipulations of the money system by private
    interests which have turned legislatures into a marionette show
    with puppets moved on wires from behind the scenes.”? What
    masquerades as Democracy throughout the world is, therefore, in
    great part, government by certain financial groups more or less
    inspired by Rousseauist-Masonic naturalistic theories.
    1
    Notably by Pope Pius X in his condemnation of the Sillon, August,
    1910. Pius X there quotes Leo XIII. Cf. The Mystical Body of Christ in
    the Modern World, pp. 42, 43.
    2A N. Field in Examiner, May. 1939.
    Printed by CAHHX & Co., LTD., Parkgaie Printing Works, Dublin.
    American Printing by CONDON PRINTING COMPANY, Detroit, Michigan.
    94


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